|Effect of Journalism on Higher Education Researches
Winston Jumba Akala
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Abstract: The primary goal of journalism and education is to ensure a well-informed citizenry for socio-political democracy and development (Severin and Tankard, 1992; Cobley, 1996; Crotty, 1998). It is therefore imperative to increase the mutual understanding between educators and journalists regarding the critical role each plays in our society. In Kenya, the most accessible forms of print media by which journalists and educators communicate to the public are the newspapers. Fully-fledged print media in Kenya dates back to 1901 when the East African Standard Newspapers was established. With time, other media houses including the Nation media group, Kenya Times, and The People, among others emerged and grew to become prominent. The newspapers and magazines have helped not only to report news but also to advertise and disseminate different types of information to the public (Njau and Radeny, 1995). Although journalism and education have a shared goal, questions abound about how the technocrats in both fields can work together to achieve this goal.
|Improving Students’ Motivation for Teaching English: A New Approach
Abstract: Nowadays，with the reform of New English Curriculum Standards, arouse students’ motivation is more and more important in English teaching. Though numerous researchers have studied learning motivation in English as a Foreign Language since the 1960s, English learning motivation of students is seldom discussed. The New English Curriculum Standards (2001) definitely point out linguistic knowledge, language skills, learning strategies，emotion and attitude all have a great effect on students’ learning. Of them, emotion and attitude includes interest, motivation, confidence, perseverance and cooperative spirit, all of which affect learning process and effects. Of all these factors, if asked to identify the most powerful influence on language learning, almost all language teachers will list learners’ motivation high up on their lists, considering it as a crucial and decisive factor in foreign language learning. Stimulating students’ motivation, especially intrinsic motivation, and changing it into steady learning motivation is a basic demand for English teachers in the New English Curriculum Standards. The learning effects depend on motivation, so it is necessary and beneficial to do some effort to find out students’ positive or negative motivational influence on linguistic competence, which will help keep students’ learning interest and improve learning quality.