October 2015

October 2015

The Role of Parents’ Motivational Beliefs and Relationships with Teachers in Children’s Social and Emotional Functioning

Elizabeth A. Moorman, Susan M. Sheridan and Kyongboon Kwon

AbstractThis study builds on prior research by examining the role parents’ motivational beliefs play in promoting the quality of parents’ relationships with teachers. Additionally, this research highlights the central role of the relationship between parents and teachers in promoting children’s social and emotional functioning. That is, parents’ motivation to be involved in children’s education may not only work to heighten parents’ involvement, as established in prior research, but such motivation may also work to enhance parents’ relationships with teachers to the benefit of children’s social and emotional functioning. These results also suggest it may be beneficial to examine and reinforce parents’ views of their role in children’s education as well as their efficacy regarding educational involvement when working with parents of children with behavior problems.

Keywords: motivational beliefs, parents, teachers

Full Text 41-47

Parental Influences on Personality: A Comparison of Trait and Phenomenological Theories

Pan Yaotian and Shi Jiannong

AbstractBaumrind’s theory is based on the two vital elements of parental responsiveness, which includes warmth, ‘supportiveness’, and acceptance, and parental demandingness, which considers disciplinary strategies and methods of behavior control. The job of a parent is to influence, teach, and direct their children to become secure, happy, independent adults, and such things as communication styles, expectations, and parenting techniques can either help or hinder this process. Baumrind’s theory provides a great guideline in helping parents identify valuable techniques and recognizing areas that need change, but it should only be used as a framework to build upon. Each parent needs to define their own child’s needs and work to effectively meet those needs, focusing on the individual and using the concept of parenting styles as a tool to help children become strong, happy, healthy adults.

Keywords: Baumrind’s theory, Personality, parenting styles

Full Text 48-53

Studying the Prevalence of Behavioral Disorders among Elementary School Students

S. Ahmad Hashemi, Hasan Khezri and Farkhonde Kazemi

Abstract The present study was aimed at evaluating the prevalence of behavioral disorders among elementary school students of Lamerd city in the academic year 2014-15. This study is “practical” based on the purpose, “field” according to the data type and “descriptive” in terms of implementation. The statistical population consisted of all elementary students of Lamerd in the academic year 2014-15 (2132 people). 322 people were chosen based on Morgan sampling table. In this study, sampling method was stratified random sampling. Rutter’s children behavioral assessment questionnaire was the research tool (teachers’ form). One-sample t test was used for data analysis in two domains. The highest average is dedicated to attention deficit disorder (with T=17.33 at a significance level of 0.001), and the lowest is related to anxiety disorder and anti-social behavior disorder (with T= 4.48 respectively, and both at a significance level of 0.001). All the indicators of behavioral disorders among elementary school students in Lamerd are low and the only problem in the way of teachers and educators in this area is the attention deficit disorder among the students. The high average of attention deficit disorder among students in Lamerd represents a variety of causes in the lives of these students, especially in family life and their relationship with their parents.

Keywords: behavioral disorders, attention deficit disorder, anxiety disorder, disorder, anti-social behavior disorder

Full Text 54-59

Study the Personality Traits and Mental Disorders among Non-Participants and Participant Addicts in NA Groups

Nasrin Namazi and Faride Sadat Hosseini

Abstract The present research started to study the personality traits and mental disorders among non-participants and participant addicts in Na groups with correlation-descriptive method. The statistical population included all addicts who subscribed to the welfare organization and withdrawal clinics of Na groups in Bandar Abbas. 89 people (77 men and 12 women) from the members of Na group and 54 people (40 men and 14 women) from the non-Na group were chosen by simple random sampling. Pearson correlation coefficient, correlation matrix, regression analysis and T test were used for data analysis. The results of regression with the stepwise method between personality traits and mental disorders of Na group addicts showed that the psychoneurosis personality traits predict 24% of the variance of the mental disorders in the first step. Psychoneurosis and extroversion variables predict 32% of the variance of mental disorders in the second step. Psychoneurosis, extroversion and agreeableness variables predict 34% of the variance of the mental disorder in the third step. Also, the results of regression by stepwise method between personality traits and mental disorders of non-Na group addicts showed that the psychoneurosis personality traits predict 16% of the variance of mental disorder in the first step. Meanwhile, psychoneurosis and agreeableness variables predict 21% of the variance of mental disorder in the second step. Moreover, the results showed that there is a significant difference between the psychoneurosis personality traits and mental disorders of participants and non-participants in Na group.

Keywords: personality traits, mental disorders, addicts, Na groups

Full Text  60-67

A Comparative Study on the Effects of Domestic and Foreign Channels Television Advertising on Consumption of Goods and Services

Mahmoudi, M. Bakhshi, J. and Islami, H.

Abstract The aim of this study was to compare the effects of television advertising of domestic and foreign channels on consumption of goods and services among the residents of Bandar Abbas in 2015. The study population was 453,268 people. Although the study sample, based on the calculation of Cochran Formula, was equal to 383 subjects, 386 subjects were considered to cover the error. The sample was selected using stratified random method. Based on the desired sampling method, Bandar Abbas city was divided into three zones. The collection of the research needed information was carried out using fieldwork method. In fact, the data were collected through direct reference to the sample. The data collection tool was researcher-made questionnaire. Based on the research objectives, the questionnaire included questions about the propensity to watch the TV commercials and the desire of the people of Bandar Abbas to purchase goods and services. Results showed that watching domestic channels with a mean of 25.55 (p = 0.01) has an effect on the Bandar Abbas peoples’ willingness to purchase goods and services and watching satellite channels with a mean of 30.13 (p = 0.001) influences Bandar Abbas peoples’ desire to purchase goods and services. In addition, the amount of watching foreign TVs has significantly (p = 0.001) led to the propensity of Bandar Abbas peoples’ to purchase goods and services. However, the amount of watching domestic TVs does not cause tendency in people (p =0.1). Consequently, there is a difference between the domestic and foreign channels television advertising in the tendency of people to buy goods and services.

Keywords: Television Advertising, Domestic Channels, Foreign Channels, Consumption of Goods and Services

Full Text 68-74

A Study on the Role of Social Phobia and Sleep Quality on the Academic Achievement of Second Grade High School Students
Arsalan Dastjerdi Borjak and Eghbal Zarei

Abstract This study aimed to investigate the role of social anxiety and sleep quality on the academic achievement of second grade high school students in Qaleh Ganj city. The research methodology was descriptive-correlation. The study statistical population consisted of all second grade high school students of Qaleh Ganj city during the academic year 2014-2015, who were 4447 subjects. Of the total, 353 students (177 males and 176 females) were selected using stratified random sampling method. Moshaveri Social Phobia Inventory and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Inventory as well as the students’ average of two-semesters were used for data collection. To analyze the data, Pearson correlation coefficient, multiple regression, independent t-test and U Mann-Whitney test were used. The findings showed that students’ social anxiety and sleep quality explain 0.159 variance of students’ academic achievement. Dimensions of sleep quality explain 0.152 variance of students’ academic achievement and sleep disorders, useful sleep, and the use of hypnotic medications are the most important predictors of students’ academic achievement. There is a significant correlation between social anxiety and sleep quality of the students. There are significant differences between social anxiety, sleep quality and academic achievement of boys and girls students. Social anxiety, sleep quality disorder and academic achievement of girls are more than boys.

Keywords: Social Phobia, Sleep Quality, Academic Achievement, Students

Full Text  75-81

Determining Effectiveness of Teaching Coping Skills and Stress Management in Increasing Academic Achievement of Nursing Students in Islamic Azad University

Soraya Naziri and Eghbal Zarei

Abstract The present study aimed to determine effectiveness of teaching coping skills and stress management in increasing academic achievement of nursing students in Islamic Azad University. For this purpose, 32 students who volunteered to participate in training sessions were selected and divided into experimental and control groups. For data collection, Coping Skills and Stress Management Questionnaire and GPA of the previous semesters before and after training were used. The results showed that teaching coping skills and stress management effectively increases the students’ academic achievement during period of the project (P<0.001). It is concluded that teaching coping skills and stress management significantly and effectively increase the students’ academic achievement.

Keywords: teaching coping skills, stress management, academic achievement

Full Text 82-88

Effective Obstacles on Women Participation in Student`s Sport activities in Qeshm Azad University

Hanieh Jahedi and Ahmad Torkfar

Abstract The Current research has been done in order to identify and Study effective obstacles on Participation of female Students of Qeshm Azad University in Sport activities. The research is practical (regarding it`s objective, descriptive regarding it`s Strategy) and is Surveying regarding it`s Performance route. The research`s data has been Collected on Field. The Statistical Society includes Female Student`s of Qeshm Azad university in 2014-2015 (N=1675) and volume of research Society was 313 Person using Morgan Sampling table. The Sampling method in this research was Simple random Sampling. The Sampling tool was a Questionnaire with 30 questions and it`s validity was Verified by 8 specialists in Sport Studies. Stability of the Questionnaire obtained by execution of it on 30 Person of the research Society, and Cronbach`s alpha was ∝=0.88. In order to analyze the data in this research, Kolmogorov – Smirnov test, exploratory Factor analyze, One Sample T-test, and Friedman test were used by SPSS Software (Ver.22) , The Structural equations were used by LISREL Software. 5 Components, including economic, Personal, family and Social obstacles were identified by exploratory factor analyze. Also, One Sample T-test Showed that all the identified Components play a Significant role in sport activities. The Qeshm Azad university Staff Should inform the Female Students about the Ongoing Sport Programs in the Campus by using targeted Promotions and publishing news about the So called activities.

Keywords: Women participation, Sport activities, Female Students, Qeshm Azad University.

Full Text  89-96

The Role of Self-efficacy, Happiness and Parental Involvement in Academic Affairs as Predictors of Academic Achievement among First-grade High School Female Students

Masoume Mashayekh and Eghbal Zarei

Abstract The present study aimed to determine the role of self-efficacy, happiness and parental involvement in academic affairs as predictors of academic achievement among the first-grade high school female students. For this purpose, 270 female students were selected using cluster random sampling method from first-grade high school female students in Bandar Abbas. The questionnaire of self-efficacy, happiness, parental involvement in academic affairs was used for data collection. Data analysis showed the significant relationship of self-efficacy (P<0.001, r = 0.20), happiness (P<0.01, r = 0.14) and parental involvement in academic affairs (P<0.001, r = 0.29) with academic achievement. The results of simultaneous regression analysis showed that self-efficacy (β = 0.31) and parental involvement in academic affairs (β = 0.29) could positively predict academic achievement (P<0.001). However, happiness could not statistically predict academic achievement among female students. Thereby, it is concluded that self-efficacy and parental involvement in academic affairs could predict academic achievement.

Keywords: self-efficacy, happiness, parental involvement in academic affairs, academic achievement

Full Text  97-103

Study the Relationship between Emotional Intelligence and Academic Achievement of School Students

Marjan Shahinzade and Mahnaz Barkhordari Ahmadi

Abstract The objective of this study is to examine the relationship between emotional intelligence and Mathematic success of students. This research is descriptive with the use of correlation . The sample volume is 304 people, according to the kokaran formula. The samples were chosen by stratified random sampling among the third grade female high school students and their teachers in Bandar Abbas. Tools of this study are Bar-On emotional intelligence test and Mathematics grade in the second semester of 2014-2015 academic years. Mathematic score was used as the students’ academic success index in Mathematics. The survey’s information was analyzed in two levels of descriptive and inferential statistics via SPSS software. The results of the research showed that there is a meaningful and straight relationship between students’ emotional intelligence and mathematic success. Also, there is a meaningful and straight relationship between teachers’ emotional intelligence and students’ mathematic success. There is a meaningful and straight relationship between teachers and students ‘emotional intelligence, but the relationship is not so strong. The academic achievement of students with diploma and lower mothers is less than the academic achievement of students with upper diploma mothers. The emotional intelligence of students with diploma and lower mothers is less than the emotional intelligence of students with upper diploma mothers. Father’ education does not have any role in the academic achievement and emotional intelligence of students.

Keywords: student’s emotional intelligence, teacher’s emotional intelligence, mathematic academic achievement, mother’s education, father’s education

Full Text  104-112

Comparative study of Cognitive Schemas and Emotional Expressive in People with Borderline Personality Traits and Normal People

Malihe Darvishi and Shole Namazi

Abstract Present research was done with the aim of comparative survey of cognitive schemas and emotional expressive in people with borderline personality traits and normal people. The plan of the present survey was non-trial, post-events and casual-comparative kind. For this purpose, 50 outpatients who had borderline personality disorder of fifth version according to psychologist and statistical and cognitive mental disorder guide criteria (DSM-V) were compared with normal people. To collect data, the early maladaptive Yuang schema questionnaire- short form (YSQ-Sf) and emotional expressive questionnaire (EEQ) were used. According to the results, the people with the borderline personality traits use cognitive maladaptive schemas more than the normal people (p<0.05). Furthermore, these people express negative emotions more than the others (p<0.05). To recapitulate, the survey results show the importance of maladaptive schemas and the style of expressing negative emotions in people with borderline personality traits.

Keywords: cognitive schemas, emotional expressive, borderline personality

Full Text 113-121

The Comparison of Creativity, Innovation and Entrepreneurship Shahid Chamran University and Tehran University

Naser Behroozy, Alireza Hajiyakhchali, Maryamy Ebrahimyqalaee and Moosa Javdan

Abstract The purpose of this study was to investigate situation compare the creativity, innovation and entrepreneurship Shahid Chamran University and Tehran University. The statistical population of this was to research included all Shahid Chamran University and Tehran University during the academic year of 2012-2013. The research subjects consisted of 150 Shahid Chamran and Tehran University selected randomly by multi-stage sampling and 150 Shahid Chamran University matched (on grade and faculty) A sample of 100 people from both University evenly Moreover used to assess reliability test was used. To collect data, Questionnaires Creative, Vandn Brook and Cools Innovation Inventory (2007) and comprehensive standard entrepreneurship were used. Two levels of inferential and descriptive statistics by the use of SPSS software have been performed to analyses the data. attention to averages, there is not a so much difference between Shahid Chamran University and Tehran University in term of creativity, innovation and entrepreneurship its components. The results of multivariate of variance showed that there is not a significant difference between Shahid Chamran University and Tehran University in term of creativity, innovation and entrepreneurship its components.

Keywords: Creativity, Innovation and Entrepreneurship

Full Text 122-131

?The Relationship between Coping Strategies and Life Styles with Marital Satisfaction of Employee Couples

Avaz Pour N. and Mohammadi K.

Abstract This study investigates the relationship between coping strategies and life styles with marital satisfaction of Bandar Abbas employee couples. Accordingly, 292 married employees of Bandar Abbas offices were selected by multistage random sampling. Research hypotheses were as follows: 1. coping strategies and lifestyle can predict marital satisfaction. 2. Lifestyle factors can predict marital satisfaction. 3. Emotion-focused and problem-focused Strategy can predict marital satisfaction. Lifestyle questionnaire, Bellinger and Mouse coping styles questionnaire and Enrich marital satisfaction questionnaire were used to collect the data. Multiple regression analysis was used in order to analyze data. The results showed that the life style and coping styles factors explain 48.5% of the marital satisfaction variance. Lifestyle factors alone are able to predict 14% of marital satisfaction variance and problem-focused style explains marital satisfaction in a positive and significant way while emotion-focused style has not presented any significant explanation of marital satisfaction.

Key words: coping strategies, lifestyle, marital satisfaction

Full Text 132-139

Study of the Relationship between Self-concept of Schools Administrators and Executive Performance

 Hajizadeh A.,  Edalati, A. and Gholami M.

Abstract The goal of this research is to survey the relationship between self-concept and the operation among the principals of schools in Fin. Surveying the operation and self-concept was done in the terms of gender, business record and academic level. This descriptive research was the correlation kind. The researcher selected the statistical sample as 44 principals and 123 teachers according to the Cochran formula by stratified random sampling in order to reach the goals. The required information were achieved by Rogers’s standard questionnaire to evaluate the scale of principals’ self-concept and Paterson standard questionnaire was used to evaluate the operations of principals. The collected data was analyzed through descriptive statistics (Distribution table of frequency, average, standard deviation) and inferential statistics (Pearson and Spearman correlation coefficient, multivariable regression). The achieved results through the SPSS version 16 showed that: There is no significant relationship between the real self-concept with operation, ideal self-concept with operation and education with real self-concept and operation. Besides, the education has no relationship with self-concept and ideal self-concept. Totally, there is a significant relationship between self-concept and operation.

Keywords: self-concept, operation, principals, schools.

Full Text 140-146

Relationship between Self-concept and Social Behavior of Elementary School Students

Hajizadeh M., Edalati, A. and Gholami M.

Abstract This study aimed to research about the relationship between self-concept and social behavior of school students in the second grade of elementary school. Statistical population of this research included all elementary school students in the second grade in Bandar Abbas in zone 2 in 2014-2015 academic years and they were 14340 people. The researcher has chosen the statistical sample, 374 people, based on the Cochran formula by stratified random sampling in order to achieve the goals. The information in this research were obtained by Rogers’ standard questionnaire in order to evaluate the scale of school students self-concept and also the Wineland social growth scale in order to evaluate the scale of their social behavior. The collected data were analyzed through descriptive statistics (frequency distribution tables, average, and standard deviation) and inferential statistics (Pearson correlation coefficient, multi-variable regression) using SPSS software, version 16. The results show that there is a significant relationship between the self-concept and social behavior of school students. The self-concept can explain 16.5% of school students’ social behavior. Moreover, the real self-concept has significant relationship with public self-help, self-command, preoccupation, language relationship and socialization. But, has no relationship with eating, dressing and relocation. Also, the ideal self-concept has significant relationship with public self-help, language relationship and socialization and has no relationship with eating, dressing, self-command, preoccupation and relocation.

Keywords: Self-concept, social behavior, elementary school students.

Full Text 147-153

The Relationship between Islamic Life Style and Job Satisfaction among High School Teachers of Bandar Abbas

 Zainalipour H.  Shaikhi Fini A.  Haidari S.

Abstract This study aimed at investigating the relationship between Islamic life style and job satisfaction among high school teachers of Bandar Abbas. The present study was a descriptive correlational study. The population of this study was all the 2000 high school teachers of Bandar Abbas. The sample of this study included 322 teachers. The sample size was determined through Cochran Formula and simple random sampling was used in this study. The 76-item Islamic Life Style Questionnaire and Overall Job Satisfaction Survey by Brayfield and Rothe were used. Pearson Correlation Coefficient Test and Regression Analysis were used for the data analysis. SPSS Package version 18 was used for this purpose. The results of this study showed that there is a correlation between Islamic life style and job satisfaction (r=0.35), and Islamic life style explains 12 % of the variance of job satisfaction¬. There was a correlation between¬ the components of Islamic life style and job satisfaction (r=0.04), and the components of Islamic life¬ style explained 15 % of the variance of job satisfaction. Thus, it can be concluded that people with Islamic life style have higher job satisfaction.

Keywords: Islamic life style, job satisfaction, teachers

Full Text 2015.2.154-159

Comparative Study of Educational Status, Emotional Management and Adolescent-Parent Conflict among Adolescents with Employed Parents and Normal Teenagers

 Hajipour M. and Askari M.

Abstract The purpose of the present study is comparative study of educational status, emotional management and adolescent-parent conflict among adolescents with employed parents and normal teenagers. The purpose of the presentstudy was practical and causal-comparative descriptive method has been used. Statistical community included 306 adolescents of academic year 2014-15 who were selected by cluster sampling. To obtain data of emotional management research, Granefski, Karraij and Spinhoven (2001) assessment scale of adolescent-parent (Asadi Unesi et al., 2011) was used.  Data were analyzed by ANOVA and via SPSS software. Findings of the research indicate that there is no significant difference between mean scores of students with one employed parent and two employed parents (p<0.05). Also, the results suggest that there is significant difference between the mean of negative emotional management in students with one employed parent and two employed parents (p<0.05). in the way that students with one employed parent have less negative emotion regulation (M=41.11) in contrast with students with two employed parents (M=43.44). Students with one employed parent have more positive emotion regulation (M=40.27) in contrast with students with two employed parents (M=38.27).  Also, the results indicate that there is significant difference between the mean of adolescent-parent conflicts among students with one employed parent and two employed parents (P<0.01). It can be concluded that the employment of mother in family system and changing the role of mothers in current families have some consequences and teenagers with two employed parents have considerable negative emotion regulation and parent-adolescent conflict.

Keywords: emotional management, educational status, parent-adolescent conflict, two employed parents, one employed parent

Full Text 2015.2.160-167