March 2016

 

Relationship between Spiritual Intelligence and Emotional Intelligence with Transformational Leadership

Ranny Fitriana Faisal

Abstract This study provides the knowledge about the relationship between emotional and spiritual quotient to transformational leadership and somehow these variables (emotional and spiritual quotient) are influencing the transformational leadership in Universiti Utara Malaysia. Results showed there is a positive relationship between emotional and spiritual quotient to transformational leadership. It will be interesting to evaluate the link between emotional and spiritual quotient and transformational leadership in larger samples, and across different industries. It will also be important for research to evaluate the ability of emotional and spiritual quotient to predict future performance

Keywords: emotional quotient, spiritual quotient, transformational leadership

Full Text 2016. 1. 1-9

Motivational Constructs: Implications for Instruction and Learning

Early L. Sean

constructs from the motivational literature that may usefully aid in the development of a theory of motivational load. Second, the paper explores how previously validated indexes of motivation, active choice, mental effort, and persistence, may inform dynamic measurement and support of motivation during learning. Last, the paper proposes a substantive dialogue focused on theory building and the development of research questions. The literature examining motivation in learning environments provides important insights into human behavior; allowing prediction of goal-related behaviors that relate to achievement. This body of literature has, until quite recently, been notable for the degree to which lines of research were pursued with little attention to an overarching theoretical framework.

Keywords: motivational constructs motivation, learning, instruction

Full Text 2016. 1. 10-19

The Relationship between Spirituality at Work and Destructive Working Behaviours in the Case Study Employees

Ahad Ameri Siahuee1* and Mahnoosh Abedini

Abstract The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between spirituality at work and malicious working behavior. This research is functional in terms of purpose, and is correlation-based in terms of the nature and method. The statistical population of this investigation is Iran’s national oil company’s employees of Bandar Abbas branch in 2015 that have been more than 145 people. 145 people were chosen as the sample according to the aforementioned population by census data collection method. The tools of data collection were two standard questionnaires of Rego and Pina’s spirituality at work questionnaire (2008) and standard questionnaire of non-constructive working behaviors from the questionnaire of Fox and others (2001). Research results indicate that there is a significant relationship between spirituality at work and its components (except) with destructive working behavior among employees working in Iran’s national oil company of Bandar branch. In addition, constructive proposals have been presented to authorities in order to prevent and reduce destructive working behaviors.

Keywords: Spirituality at work, destructive working behavior, staff

Full Text 2016. 1. 20-31

The Effectiveness of Cognitive Group Play Therapy on Separation Anxiety of 7-12-Year-old Male Students

Zahra Khoshroei and Eghbal Zarei

Abstract Separation anxiety illness stems from preschool period and may persist for years. Separation anxiety may occur in any situation where there is the possibility of separation. It is extremely motivated and inspires the person to avoid the situations that require separation. This study aimed to assess the effectiveness of group play therapy by cognitive method on separation anxiety 7-12 year-old male students. For this purpose, 32 children with separation anxiety were selected by available sampling method and were randomly placed in two groups of cognitive-behavioral group play therapy and the control group. Child Symptom Inventory CSI-4 was used to collect data. Covariance and Smirnov- Kolmogrov test were used to analyze the data. The results of the data analysis showed that cognitive-behavioral group play therapy is effective on reducing separation anxiety in 7 to 12 years children. The impact is significant with the amount of F= 217.60 at alpha level of 0.01. In a brief conclusion of this research, it can be said that the methods of play therapy are effective in reducing separation anxiety in children.

Keywords: Separation anxiety, cognitive-behavioral group play therapy, students

Full Text 2016. 1. 32-40

Goal Orientation, Motivation and Academic Achievement: A Review Study

Rao Lilin* and Zhang Kan

Abstract A mastery goal orientation focuses on the belief that effort and outcome can cover; one’s sense of efficacy is based on the belief that effort will lead to success or a sense of mastery. With a mastery goal, individuals are oriented toward developing new skills, trying to understand their work, and improving their level of competence. In contrast, when a person adopts a performance goal, a perceived ability–outcome linkage guides his or her behavior so that the person’s self-worth is determined by a perception of his or her ability to perform. As a consequence, the expenditure of effort can threaten self-concept of ability when trying hard does not lead to success. Classroom structures such as the design of tasks and learning activities, evaluation practices and use of rewards, and distribution of authority or responsibility also play a role in fostering mastery goal orientation in students. A person who is mastery goal oriented is focused on mastering and understanding content and demonstrating a willingness to engage in the process of learning. Portfolios can increase students’ mastery goal orientation.

Keywords: Goal Orientation, Motivation, Academic Achievement

Full Text 2016. 1. 41-51

Predictability of Self-Concept, Social-Emotional Abilities and Resiliency of Children based on the Emotional Atmosphere of Family  

Rahime Saheli Zadegan and Mosa Javdan

Abstract This study aimed to evaluate the predictability of self-concept, social-emotional abilities and resiliency of children based on the emotional atmosphere of family. This research was practical in terms of purpose and the descriptive – correlation in terms of method. The statistical population of this study included all children of Khamir port city in the 2014-2015 academic years that were in third, fourth, fifth and sixth grade of elementary school among them 300 students were selected by simple random sampling without replacement. Social-emotional ability and resiliency scale (SEARS), family emotional atmosphere questionnaire of Hill Berne (1964) and Self Concept Scale (SCT) of Beck and Stear (1978) were used to collect the research data. Data were analyzed by multivariate and univariate regression analysis by SPSS software. The results showed that the emotional atmosphere of family is a   significant positive predictor of self-concept and social-emotional abilities and resiliency (P<0.01). Also, the results showed that there is a significant positive correlation between children’s self-concept and social-emotional abilities and their resiliency (r=0.76, p<0.01). It can be concluded that the emotional atmosphere of the family is an important factor and component in self-concept, social-emotional ability and resiliency of children. Self-concept and social-emotional abilities are also two variables which are related to each other.

Keywords: emotional atmosphere of family, self-concept, social-emotional abilities, resiliency

Full Text 2016. 1. 52-62

Surveying the Effectiveness of Psycho-educational Intervention on Mental Health and Body Image of Obese People  

 Amiri N. and  Hajializadeh K.

Abstract The main aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of psycho-educational intervention on mental health and body image of obese people. The design of this study has been Quasi-experimental (quasi-experimental) and pretest-posttest kind with control group. The statistical population was all of 20 to 40 years old obese women who have referred to obesity specialist clinics in Bandar Abbas. The main criteria to select the obese people was having the number of upper than 26 in the body mass index (BMI) among them 30 subjects were selected as sample based on main sampling method and were placed by random method into two groups of test and control. Multidimensional Body-Self Relations Questionnaire (MBSRQ) and public-health questionnaire 28-item version (GHQ-28) was used to collect data. Psycho-educational intervention program includes ten 1.5-hour sessions that were conducted on the samples. Covariance analysis was used with regard to the assumptions of data analysis. The results showed that psycho-educational intervention is been effective on the mental health and social functioning of obese people (P≤ 0.01). The second hypothesis results showed that psycho-educational intervention is been effective on the body image, body satisfaction and subjective perception of weight of obese people (P≤ 0.01). The results indicated the effectiveness of psycho-educational intervention program on mental health and self-concept of obese people.

Keywords: psycho-educational intervention, obesity, body image, mental health

Full Text 2016. 1. 63-72

The Effectiveness of Group Training Stress Management in a Cognitive- Behavioral Manner on the Reduction of Stress, Anxiety and Depression and the Enhancement of the Personal Well-Being of I.C.U Employees of Hospitals

Memari F.  and Askari M.

Abstract This study aimed to determine the effectiveness of group training stress management in a cognitive- behavioral manner on the reduction of stress, anxiety and depression and the enhancement of the personal well-being of I. C. U employees of hospitals. The pattern of present research is quasi-experimental and pretest-posttest kind with control group. The statistical population was all the employees of I. C .U parts of all hospitals in Bandar Abbas among which one hospital has been chosen randomly and all the employees of that hospital were as the sample of study. 30 people who were willing to participate in the study were selected and were divided into two test and control groups, ultimately. The scale of depression, anxiety and stress 21- question form (DASS-21) and adult personal well-being scale (Cummins, 2004) were used to collect data. The stress management training workshop program in cognitive – behavioral method was performed in 10 sessions of 1.5 hours on the samples. Covariance analysis was used for data analysis by observing the assumptions. The results of present research showed that the effectiveness of group training stress management in a cognitive-behavioral manner is effective in the reduction of stress, anxiety and depression and the enhancement of the personal well-being of I.C.U employees of hospitals (P <0.05). These trainings are also effective on increasing the personal well-being of employees in I. C. U. part (P <0.05). These results suggest that the program of stress management training in a cognitive-behavioral method leads to the reduction of negative emotions, consequently depression and increases the employees’ personal well-being.

Keywords: stress management in a cognitive-behavioral method, stress, anxiety, depression, personal well-being

Full Text 2016. 1. 73-80

Investigating the Relationship between Perfectionism and Self-Efficacy of Parents with Academic Motivation and Creativity of Female High School Students

Abdulhai F. and   Javdan M.

Abstract This study aimed to investigate the relationship between perfectionism and self-efficacy of parents with academic motivation and creativity of female high school students in the second district of Bandar Abbas. The methodology of the research is descriptive and correlation-based. The statistical population of the present study is parents and female high school students of the second district in Bandar Abbas among them 300 were chosen as the sample by Cochran formula and simple random sampling method. In this study, Perfectionism Questionnaire of Terry Shorth et al (1995), Self-efficacy Questionnaire of Nezami et al (1981), Creativity Questionnaire of Abedi (1984) and Academic Motivation Questionnaire of Hermence (1992) were used to measure the variables. The questionnaire data analysis results showed that there is a relationship between parents’ perfectionism and the creativity of female high school students in second district of Bandar Abbas. There is a relationship between parents’ perfectionism and academic motivation of female high school students in second district of Bandar Abbas. There is no relationship between parents’ self-efficacy and the creativity of female high school students in second district of Bandar Abbas. There is a relationship between parents’ self-efficacy and academic motivation of female high school students in second district of Bandar Abbas.
Keywords: perfectionism, parents’ self-efficacy, creativity and academic motivation

Full Text 2016. 1. 81-88

Review the General Policies of the System with Public Policy        

Somayeh Mousavi and S. Mehdi Ghamami

Abstract The general policies of the system include framework and total orientation basis of the country in all of governmental areas which is determined on behalf of Supreme Leader by first paragraph of 110th principal of constitution and play a role like a binding ring between the principals and goals of the system with the duties of governmental institutions and organizations. The main goal of these policies is introduced as creating disciplines in the country that determines the general geometry of the system as well. The second paragraph of 110th principal of constitution emphasized the necessity of existing a supervising on the implementation of these policies, and knows it as the responsibility of the Supreme Leader. This duty, that manufactures the mandatory feature of policies’ nature, makes the importance of policies implementation clear from the perspective of the constitution drafters and is transferred to the expediency council in accordance with the following 110th principle. The present study criticize the present method of supervising on implementation of these policies and emphasized on the necessity of revision on its method after analyzing the concept and nature of system general policies and principal explanation and the importance of supervising on their implementation. If policy-makers think about the appropriate ways of implementing in the time of codification of the policy, the approved policies will certainly not face problems in the implementation. Since the realization of public policies is a sign of their effectiveness, if the prediction of run tools are taken correctly, the policies are executive and otherwise will be unproductive and ineffective.
Keywords: general policies of the system, public policy, Iran, France, the government, head of state

Full Text 2016. 1. 89-95

REGULATING MOTIVATION IN MATHEMATICS

 Markku S. Hannula

Abstract This paper explores some basic processes for self-regulation of motivation, which is conceived as students’ choice of goals. As a theoretical basis the concepts of motivation and self-regulation will be elaborated. Three aspects of goal regulation will be specified and illustrated on an empirical base of a three-year ethnographic study of one mathematics class. Primarily, goals are derived from needs. In learning situations the psychological needs for autonomy, competence, and social belonging are the most significant determinants for goal choices. As a second aspect we accept the influence of students’ beliefs about the accessibility of different goals. As a third aspect we look at how automatic emotional reactions influence goal regulation.

Keywords: self-regulation, motivation, learning situations

Full Text 2016. 1. 96-105

Identifying the Effective Personality Factors Contributing to the Enhancement of Creativity among Telecommunication Company Employees

 Malekpour M.  and  Samavi S.A.

Abstract The aim of this study was to identify affecting personality factors in the promotion of creativity among the Telecommunication employees in the province of Hormozgan. The research method was descriptive and causal-comparative. The study’s statistical population included all employees of Telecommunication in Bandar Abbas city. The sample consisted of 60 people who were selected by purposeful sampling method on the basis of psychological and personality symptoms. NEO-FFI personality traits and Abedi creativity questionnaires were used to collect the required data for the study. Data were analyzed using multivariate analysis of variance. The results showed that among personality factors, introversion- extroversion, responsibility, enthusiasm, and Agreeableness have significant impact on the creativity of employee and only Neuroticism has no effect on promoting creativity. Accordingly, personality factors can be effective in promoting employee’s creativity.

Keywords: personality factors, creativity, employees

Full Text 2016. 1. 106-111