March 2016

The Effect of E-learning Tools on the Results of Achievement Tests of MA Students of Islamic Azad University of Bandar Abbas

Sahar Jafari and Mohammad Noor Rahmani

Abstract The main purpose of this study is to investigate the effectiveness of e-learning tools on results of achievement tests of MA students of Islamic Azad University of Bandar Abbas. The descriptive-survey method is used in this research. The statistical population of the research included all the MA students of Islamic Azad University of Bandar Abbas as 220 students in 2014-15 academic years. The study sample included 140 students who were selected based on Jersey-Morgan table by random cluster sampling method. Research instruments were the scales of Higher Education Policy Institute of America. Research data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics, one sample t-test and variance analysis in duplicate plans. The results showed the moderately effective impact of e-learning tools on results of achievement tests of MA students of Islamic Azad University of Bandar Abbas. Only two components course development and teaching-learning process were not effective among the components, but other components were moderately effective. The highest mean among the components was related to student support and the lowest one was related to course development components.

Keywords: e-learning, e-teaching, e-teaching components, electronic learning tools.

Full Text 2016. 1. 112-120

The Effect of Role-Play Teaching Method on Improving Social Skills in Preschool Learners

Faride Alizadeh and Mahmoud Sabahizade

Abstract This study aims to investigate the effects of role-play teaching method on social skills in preschool learners of Qeshm city in 2014-15 academic years by a quasi-experimental method. The statistical population of the study consisted of preschoolers in the city of Qeshm. The sample consisted of randomly selections from three available kindergartens. The data was conducted on preschoolers using Matson social skills questionnaire as pre-test and post-test. Statistical analysis was performed using dependent t-test. The results showed that role-play teaching method is effective on the improvement of social skills in preschool learners by 99% certainty. It is suggested to consider the improvement of social skills besides the teaching of curriculum in nurseries due to the effect of role-play on the improvement of social skills in preschool learners.

Keywords: role-play teaching method, social skills, preschoolers.

Full Text 2016. 1. 121-125

 The Effect of Father Absence on Personal-Social Adjustment and Self-Concept and Academic Performance among High School Adolescents

Fatemeh Behbood and S. Abdolvahab Samavi

Abstract the present study aimed to investigate the effect of father absence on personal-social adjustment and self-concept and academic performance among high school adolescents (Volume II) in Bandar Lenge city. Male and female high school students of Bandar Lenge educational district were chosen as the statistical population of this study. The volume of sample was 1124 high school students from first year to pre-university stages and the research sample was 159 students. Two groups were chosen for the continuous presence of father and lack of continuous presence of father using purposive sampling method. California Personal-Social Adjustment Questionnaire, Sarasut Self-Concept Questionnaire used and academic performance which includes the students’ scores of the second term of the academic year. The questionnaires were completed by both groups and the results are estimated. Multivariate analysis methods and other descriptive statistics indexes were used to analyze the data. Results showed a significant positive correlation between the absence of father and personal-social adjustment, self-concept and academic performance at (P< 0.05 = P< 0.001) and (P< 0.05 = P< 0.048) and (P< 0.05 = P< 0.001) respectively. The difference among the components of personal-social adjustment, self-concept and academic performance is in higher order and to heighten students by the presence of father to students in the absence of his father.

Keywords: the absence of the father, personal-social adjustment, self-concept, academic

Full Text 2016. 1. 126-130

Comparing Coping Strategies with Stress and Hardiness in Patients with Coronary Heart Disease, Hypertension and Diabetes

Soheila EghtesadiFard and Kourosh Mohammadi

Abstract The present study aimed to investigate the comparison of coping strategies with stress and hardiness in patients with coronary heart disease, hypertension and diabetes. The plan of the research is non-experimental and causal-comparative and post-incident. For this purpose, 150 patients with coronary heart disease, hypertension and diabetes were compared. Lazarus Ways of Coping Questionnaire (WCQ) and Lang and Gault hardiness scale (LGHS) were used in order to collect data. The results of multivariate variance analysis showed that patients with coronary heart disease use confronting coping strategies less than patients with hypertension and diabetes and mostly use distancing coping strategies (p<0.05). Comparing hardiness did not show any significant difference between the three groups of patients. Generally, research findings indicate that coronary heart disease patients use emotion-focused and passive strategies against stressful events compared to patients with diabetes and hypertension. It can be also said that these three groups of patients are similar to each other in terms of hardiness.

Keywords: coping strategies, hardiness, diabetic patients, patients with coronary heart disease, hypertension

Full Text 2016. 1. 131-139

Motivational Impacts of Lifelong Learning: A New Approach in Educational Context

Graeme Martin

Abstract Research in motivation for learning (or achievement motivation) has flourished in the past 30 years. Social-cognitive theories dominate the field and have provided many insights but have been criticized for relying on a traditional methodological base, lacking of contextualization and embeddedness in individual experience. In the current ‘learning age’ sustaining motivation for (often formal/academic) learning across the life span is increasingly expected but understanding persistence for such learning across life is not well understood. Much of the work in motivation for learning is quantitative, employing questionnaires, brief interviews or experimental manipulations. Longitudinal, qualitative research is sparse though a necessary counterpoint that can provide contextualized and alternative accounts of motivation through time and across culture. In turn insights from such accounts could better inform practical policy. This paper presents a case study applying the lifespan theory of control to an individuals’ learning biography.

Keywords: Biography; Lifelong Learning; Life Span Theory of Control; Motivation

Full Text 2016. 1. 140-149

Examining the Relationship between Psychological Empowerment and Organizational Commitment with Job Burnout among Education Department Staff

Maryam Pirayeh and S. Abdolvahab Samavi

Abstract This study aimed to investigate the relationship between psychological empowerment and organizational commitment with job burnout among Education Department staff. This research is applied in terms of objectives and correlation-based in terms of the nature and method. The study’s statistical population included all employees of the Education Department of Hormozgan province in 2015 and their number is equal to 202 people. According to Morgan and Kerjesy table (1970), a sample of 132 individuals was selected based on Cochran formula by stratified random sampling out of the population. Three questionnaires were used to collect data as: Spreitzer psychological empowerment (1995), organizational commitment of Allen and Meyer (1990) and Maslach and Jackson Job Burnout Inventory (1993). In order to analyze the data, descriptive statistics (mean, standard deviation) and inferential statistics (Pearson correlation coefficient and simultaneous multiple regressions method) were used. Finally, the results showed that there is a significant inverse relationship between psychological empowerment and organizational commitment with job burnout. Psychological empowerment variable is a stronger predictor for job burnout than other variables. There is a significant inverse relationship between psychological empowerment components and job burnout. Also, there is a significant inverse relationship between components of organizational commitment and job burnout.

Keywords: psychological empowerment, organizational commitment, job burnout, staff, Education Department

Full Text 2016. 1. 150-157

Studying the Relationship between Identity Styles and Defense Styles with Marital Satisfaction

Zarei Eqbal, Parisa Azari and Fateme Hedayati

Abstract The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between identity and defense styles with marital satisfaction among couples in Isfahan province and the province of Hormozgan. The method of research is multi-variable correlation in which 400 married men and women were chosen by simple random sampling among all couples in Isfahan province. Tools of research are Enrich Marital Satisfaction Questionnaire, Identity Style Questionnaire (ISI-6G) and Defense Style Questionnaire (SDQ-40). The analyzed data using descriptive statistics are mean, and standard deviation, and in the inferential statistics is Pearson correlation coefficient. The results suggest that there is a significant relationship between informational identity style (r= 0.15) and avoidance identity style (r= 0.17) with marital satisfaction while there was no significant relationship found between the normative identity style (r = 0.95) and immature defense styles (r = 0.007), mature defense styles (r = 0.02) and neuroticism defense styles (r = 0.42). Since marital satisfaction is very important in young couples’ lives, identity and defense styles are of great important in both pre-marriage counseling and in evaluating couples’ relationship.

Keywords: identity styles, defense styles, marital satisfaction

Full Text 2016. 1. 158-167

Effectiveness of Ellis Cognitive – Behavioral Group Therapy on Increasing Adolescents’ Assertiveness

Ehteram Eyvazi

Abstract The aim of the present study is to investigate the effectiveness of Ellis cognitive – behavioral group therapy on increasing adolescents’ assertiveness. The research methodology is quasi-experimental, pretest-posttest design with a control group. The study population includes 170 adolescents of Bandar Abbas city in the academic year of 2000-2001. The sample volume is 16 adolescents who are selected using multistage cluster sampling, 8 patients are assigned in the experimental group and 8 patients in the control group. Data collection tool is Assertiveness Self-Report Inventory (ASRI) of Herzberger, Chan and Katz (1984). The results of covariance analysis show that training Ellis cognitive – behavioral group counseling has been effective on increasing teenagers’ assertiveness.

Keywords: Ellis Cognitive – Behavioral Group Therapy, Assertiveness, Adolescents

Full Text 2016. 1. 168-171

The Study of the Familiarity and Use of Electronic Banking Services

Aali Hosseini M.

Abstract With the growing volume of E-commerce in the world, and also according to need of business to banking to transfer funds, E-banking a key role in E-commerce. This research has studied how much the Maskan bank employees in Bushehr recognize and use the various kinds of E-banking services. Methodology of the research was survey and the data collection tool was questionnaire. The statistical population is all the employees of Maskan Bank of Bushehr and also a selected sample of other banks employees in the province. The results showed that the identification of most of the Maskan bank employees with various E-banking services is moderate to very high. Results showed that there is a significant relationship between employment status, organizational positions, years of service and the degree of the branch and familiarity with and electronic banking services. But there was no significant difference in comparing the average of Makan bank employees’ knowledge of electronic banking service based on the education level and gender.

Keywords: banking operation, E-banking services, Maskan bank, E-commerce

Full Text 2016. 1. 172-179

Evaluate the Effectiveness of Role Play Teaching Method in Improving of Emotional Outputs in Elementary Student

Salehi G. and Sabahizadeh M.

Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of role play teaching method on improve the emotional outputs in six grade students of Bandar Abbas. Subjects were randomly assigned to experimental and control groups (in each group 17 people).  A standard questionnaire (Baianfar and Maleki, 2013) with 60 questions used to gathering data and data analyzed by SPSS software.  The results showed that there is a significant difference between experimental and control groups in social studies book affect, reading and writing book affect, school self-concept and academic self-concept. Generally results showed that role play teaching method increase students’ motivation.

Keywords: Role Play Teaching Method, Emotional Outputs, Elementary Student

Full Text 2016. 1. 180-185

The Comparison of Domestic Violence among Seminary and Non-seminary Married Women

Honormand N.  Fallahchai R. and Zarei E.

Abstract This study aimed to investigate the domestic violence among seminary and non-seminary married women. This study is causal-comparative and the sample in this research included 150 seminary and non-seminary married women. Sampling method in this study is available sampling which includes 75 seminary and 75 non-seminary married women. The tool used in this research is: the scale of domestic violence of Mohseni et al. The results showed a significant difference between the two groups in the components of sexual violence so that the average of sexual violence of non-seminary women has been higher than seminary women.

Keywords: domestic violence, married women, seminary and non-seminary

Full Text 2016. 1. 186-191

Comparing Marital Satisfaction, Marital Intimacy and Sexual Intimacy among Married Women in Monogamous with Polygamous Families

Kourosh Mohammadi, S. Abdolvahab Samavi and Maryam Rafati

Abstract The present study aimed to compare marital satisfaction, marital intimacy and sexual intimacy in married women in monogamous with polygamy families. Non-probability purposive sampling method was used in order to sample the target population. The sample size was determined according to research methods and research topic and a sample size of 200 people (100 in each group) was selected according to this causal-comparative research who responded to marital satisfaction, marital intimacy and sexual intimacy questionnaires. The research data was analyzed by multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) and SPSS. The results showed that there is a significant statistical difference between the marital satisfaction, marital intimacy and sexual intimacy among married women in monogamous with polygamy families in Qeshm Island, Iran (P< 0.05), so that the women’s group in polygamous families have lower mean in marital satisfaction, marital intimacy and sexual intimacy compared to women in monogamous families. According to the results, it can be said that polygamous families have greater challenges than monogamous families and according to inaudibility of the existence of this problem in our society, such families and especially their children need more attention in terms of counseling and psychological services.

Keywords: marital satisfaction, marital intimacy, sexual intimacy, polygamy, monogamy

Full Text 2016. 1. 192-196