October 2016

Dissemination Strategies of Iran’s National Curriculum in the Present and Ideal Situations in the Perspective of the Related Planners and Authorities

Mir Zeyn-al-abedin Barkheh, Mohammed H. Yarmohammadian, Narges Keshtiaray

Abstract Applying of an effective method for promoting the National Curriculum and making it formal and accepted as a part of the current culture, with the use of internal and external capacities of educational system, is one of the mandatory implications of the curriculum implementation in Iran. This curriculum with its all implications is running now and the planners expect that, with the help of adopted strategies, pave the way for optimum dissemination of this curriculum. Some available evidences signify that this process has faced with a couple of challenges. The aim of the current  research is study and investigation of some strategies in dissemination process of Iran’s National Curriculum in the present situation and also analysis of the Ideal and favorable condition in the eyes of its planners to provide some clues for an efficient dissemination for the national curriculum of Iran in the best way. The research methodology is qualitative and precisely concentrates on Glaser’s Grounded Theory. The field of the study was National Curriculum planners and authorities who were selected through semi-structured interviews using purposive chain sampling congruent with theoretical saturation. Interviews were conducted individually and were encoded precisely. After the tenth interview data was saturated but for more validation it was continued up to fourteenth. Analyzing of information was according to the subjective encoding. Validation of the findings was gained through three-coordination models and to increase its reliability in a previously planned way, with giving required instructions interviews were conducted in an appropriate place in terms of interview conditions and away from any bias imposing or specific comments. The results demonstrated that the implemented strategies in dissemination of Iran’s National Curriculum in the present situation were focal-oriented and faced with the unilateral management.

Keywords: Curriculum dissemination, National Curriculum, guidelines for effective dissemination

Full-text-2016-2-1-9

Analysis of the Making Smart Concept in Order to Provide Appropriate Curriculum for Primary School

Mohammadreza Qaznavi, Zohre Saadatmand, Narges Keshtiaray

Abstract The purpose of this study is analysis of the making smart concept in order to provide appropriate curriculum for primary school of Iran. The conceptual analysis method was used to reach this purpose. Then in order to present the desirable model of curriculum based on making smart of educational system of Iran, this model was surveyed in opinion of curriculum and making smart experts and based on that the result of research showed that desirable model for curriculum based on making smart compared to the quo status that is composed of two factors components of hardware and empowerment the manpower; has five components of management system, teaching and learning environment, empowerment the manpower, hardware and software factors.

Keywords: designing curriculum, making smart, educational system of Iran

Full-text-2016-2-10-21

Effect of Gardner Multiple Intelligence on Students English Learning

Akcin S.

Abstract This article reports a quasi-experimental quantitative study which investigated the effects of vocabulary teaching techniques based on Multiple Intelligence Theory on learning and retention of English vocabulary. For the study, two of the 11th grade classrooms were randomly assigned as an Experimental and a Control Group. Multiple Intelligence Inventory was applied to Experimental Group to identify their dominant intelligences and prepare classroom activities accordingly. Both groups were pre-tested at the beginning of the study by using a vocabulary test. In the Experimental Group vocabularies were taught through activities based on Multiple Intelligence Theory while in the Control Group they were taught by using traditional teaching techniques. Both of the groups were post-tested at the end of the study. In order to determine the long-term retention, the vocabulary test was applied again two weeks after the study. The data has been analyzed by ANCOVA using SPSS. The results of the study suggest that Multiple Intelligence Theory based activities have a significant effect on language learners’ achievement and retention of English vocabulary.

Keywords: Multiple Intelligence Theory, Vocabulary Teaching, ELT, Long-term Retention

Full-text-2016-2-22-30

Identification of Effective Factors on Knowledge Commercialization in Universities

Fatemeh Masteri Farahani, Kioumars Niaz Azari, Mohammad Salehi

Abstract The purpose of this study is identification of effective factors on knowledge commercialization in universities. The research method in terms of purpose is applied and type of study is descriptive-correlation and studies which combine qualitative and quantitative methods) mixed methods study (. In qualitative section, semi-structured interviews with the use of expert opinion were conducted and make a questionnaire based on the results analysis of the content of interview. And lead to 87 index for knowledge commercialization. With Exploratory factor analysis and variance effective factors and matrix rotated factors, 5 factors that affecting the knowledge commercialization was identified. Factors include: external factors, intellectual capital, knowledge creation, intersectional collaboration, strategic orientation. Factors and identified indicators to the method of structural equations and partial least squares (PLS) were analyzed. And after determining the weight of each factor, the impact dimensions and components on knowledge commercialization were examined. Results showed that there is positive significant relationship between external factors, intellectual capital, knowledge creation, instructional collaboration, strategic orientation with the commercialization of knowledge.

Keywords: knowledge commercialization, strategic orientation, intellectual capital, knowledge creation, intersectional collaboration

Full-text-2016-2-31-39

The Effectiveness of Social Skills Training to Reduce Anxiety in Children

Ramana Shahbaz Far, Abdolmajid Bahrainian, Kobra Hajializadeh

Abstract Anxiety disorder is the most frequently among psychiatric disorders of childhood.  Social skills training is one way of coping with this disorder. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of social skills training on reducing anxiety in children. The statistical population is girl children 8-10 years of Bandar Abbas. The sampling method was a multistage cluster sampling that selected 40 students who had high anxiety. And randomly divided two experimental and control groups. The control group did not receive services at the time of training. In this study used Children’s Manifest Anxiety Scale questionnaires to measure anxiety. The research is pretest-posttest control group. After random selection of experimental and control groups, an experimental intervention in the experimental group for 8 sessions one hour once a week was conducted. After completing the training program post-test was used for both groups. To analyze data, multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) was used. Data analysis showed that teaching social skills to children anxious were effective in reducing anxiety.

Keywords: children, anxiety, social skills

Full-text-2016-2-40-44

Developing a Model for Impression Management at Mazandaran Province’s Education Department

Mahasta Javadian, Reza Yousefi Saidabadi, Kioumars Niazazari

Abstract The general goal of this research is to provide an appropriate model for impression management of education organization in Mazandaran. The method of the research is exploratory mixed practical approach that was conducted from qualitative to quantitative and research method in quantitative part is description of the survey. Its population in qualitative part is consisted of professors and experts of education in Mazandaran about 20 people and in quantitative part, heads, assistants and experts of education departments andschool administrators of education inMazandaran about 2598 people that in the qualitative part from purposive sampling and by taking into account the saturation law 10 people and in quantitative part by using random-cluster sampling and based on Morgan and Krejci table 335 people were chosen as a sample. A questionnaire about impression management made by researcher with 60 questions and two dimensions (individual and organizational) was used to collect data. Tools formal and content validity is confirmed by experts and its reliability was calculated by using Cronbach’s alpha coefficient 0.897. Structural equation test was used to analyze the data. The results showed that there is a positive and significant relationship between impression management variable and individual and organizational dimensions and the represented model from expert’s view has the appropriate value.

Keywords: impression management, education, model

Full-text-2016-2-45-53

Examine the Role of Social Adjustment and Its Components on Life Satisfaction

Sedigheh Nasiri, Mahnoosh Abedini

Abstract The aim of this study is to examine the role of social adjustment and its components on life satisfaction in students of Payam Noor University of Bandar Abbas. The sample size consisted of 270 male and female students who were studied in Payam Noor University that selected by simple random sampling. In this study, for data collection two questionnaires were used include social adjustment and life satisfaction tests. The analysis of the main hypothesis indicated that there is a significant relationship between social adjustment and its subscales with life satisfaction (P <0.001). Following the results of the analysis showed that the regression coefficients between the subscales of social adjustment, social standard, social skills and social relationships could predict life satisfaction among students (P <0.001).

Keywords: social adjustment, life satisfaction, students, Payam Noor University

Full-text-2016-2-54-59

The Impact of Education Based On Multiple Intelligences in Increasing the Willingness to Learn Mathematics

Afsaneh Nabipoor, Zohreh Saadatmand

Abstract This study aimed to investigate the impact of education based on multiple intelligences in increasing the willingness to learn mathematics among primary high school students in Esfahan district one. This study is practical in nature and data are quantitative and the method of study is descriptive and survey. Besides, it is a quasi-experimental research with a pre-test and post-test design. The statistical population included all primary high school students in Esfahan district one, while 40 of them were chosen randomly through simple random sampling and they were classified randomly as well.  The instrument of the study were two questionnaires including an 80-item questionnaire of multiple intelligences by Gardner (2004) and an 18-item questionnaire of Corter (2007)’s willingness to learn mathematics with three subscales, including ” willingness to learn math “, “math self-esteem” and “intrinsic motivation to learn math “. Face validity of the questionnaire was approved and Cronbach’s alpha was obtained %76 and %84 respectively for two questionnaires in order to confirm the reliability of the instruments. Results showed that education based on multiple intelligences made a significant achievement in the low group when it was compared with the high group and it reduced the difference between the two groups. The components of willingness to learn math and intrinsic motivation of math in low group increased when it was compared with the high group. Thus, students are more willing to learn math. But in the component of math self-esteem no significant difference was found between the two groups of students in the high and low groups.

Keywords: Multiple Intelligences. Willingness to learn mathematics, love mathematics, mathematics self -esteem, intrinsic motivation to learn mathematics

Full-text-2016-2-60-75

Studying the Relationship between Identity Styles and Educational Self- efficacy

Zahra Bakrani, Zohreh Saadatmand

Abstract The present research aims at studying the relationship between identity styles and educational self- efficacy. This research is applied in terms of goal and correlational in terms of descriptive method. The statistical community of the research is combined of all elementary students in Isfahan city, district 1 in which 400 people (200 boys and 200 girls) were selected through random sampling method based on Morgan table, and it was an answer to the questionnaires including Berzonsky Identity Styles  Inventory (1989) and Murray and Bating self- efficacy (2001). In order to analyze data, we have simultaneously used both Pearson and regression correlational tests. The findings show that there is a positive and significant relationship between the informational and normative identity style and educational self- efficacy, but the relationship between a diffuse identity and educational self- efficacy is mostly negative and significant. The results indicated that the normative identity style and informational identity style can respectively predict 10% and 6% of students’ educational self-efficacy. In addition, the informational identity is able to predict 13% of students’ educational development.

Keywords: identity styles, educational self-efficacy, educational development, elementary students in Isfahan city, district 1

Full-text-2016-2-76-87

Evaluate and Rank the Factors Affecting the Mental Image of Customers

Vahoora Zamani Nejad, Mojtaba Dastouri, Mahnoosh Abedini

Abstract Banking industry today is rapidly changing. With international economic development and competitive market, banks have also been affected. If the mental image is good at Bank customers’ minds, the problems that the customer is related to outcome or process, probably partly by mental image is ignored. The aim of this study is to Evaluate and rank the factors affecting the mental image of customers (Case Study: Eghtesad novin Bank). This study in term of purpose objective is practical and on the basis of gathering data, is descriptive – survey. The statistical population, has unlimited and the sample size is 384 people using by Morgan table. To review of literature use of library resources and marketing literature and to collect the desired information and measuring variables, standard questionnaire was used. The separation of its components used Standardized questionnaires. Also for confirms the validity and reliability of each component, is extracted. In analyzing of data in Descriptive at the Statistics Section were used the mean, standard deviation, median, mode, variance in inferential part To the relationship between independent and dependent variables the Pearson correlation and regression analysis were used. The results imply endorsement is all hypothetical.

Keywords: satisfaction, quality of service, location, mental image, loyalty, Eghtesad Novin Bank, Bandar Abbas

Full-Text-2016-2-88-93

Payment Facilities, Home Businesses and Poverty Eradication

Mohammad Zakeri, Bijan Abedini, Tayebeh Abbasnejad

Abstract Poverty eradication, reduction of vulnerability and empowerment of women are known from the effects of financial service delivery to vulnerable people, especially poor women. Theoretically, these investment services enable target groups to micro-businesses, to increase human capital and promotion of community capabilities to provide increased household welfare and the ability of vulnerable people to cope with economic losses hence improving the design of mechanisms to deliver financial services to the poor and vulnerable are the central focus of poverty reduction programs costs. One of the most successful microfinance mechanisms to be considered in this field and in recent years, a special place among programs has to reduce poverty and improve livelihoods in many countries. In Iran, Payment facilities plans households is ongoing to women-headed that are discussed in this article.

Keywords: Facility, women heads of households, poverty, empowerment

Full-text-2016-2-94-97

Effect of Schema Therapy in Patients with Major Depressive Disorder, in Kerman Women

Najmeh Amani, Abdolmajid Bahrainian, Kobra Hajializadeh, Dariush Amani

Abstract This single case study based on a sample size in 6 women based on multiple baselines and were performed asynchronously.  The participants were selected by purposive sampling from four medical centers. Subjects were selected on the basis of authentication and detection therapist using the Structured Clinical Interview by DSM IV.  Patients were randomized within two weeks of each other two by two, respectively three foot line assessment, schema therapy left behind 12 sessions. All research through the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI II) and Young Schema Questionnaire-Short Form were collected. To investigate the efficacy of eye diagram analysis, were used the effect size for statistical significance testing, improve and achieve percent below the cut or the average of clinical significance. The data suggest the patient first, second, third, fifth disease from deep depression to moderate and severe to mild has changed. Depressed patients Overall, effect sizes 1.29 and 36.54 percent improve to recover. In early maladaptive schemas reduce the size of the effect 1.19 and 47 percent improvement in reducing scarring and rejection as a result of 1.07 and 52 percent improvement in reducing the autonomy 0.72 and 50% were recovered.

Keywords: schema therapy, recurrent major depression, early maladaptive schemas.

Full-text-2016-2-98-109