October 2016

Comparing the Efficacy of Cognitive – Behavioral Therapy and Emotional Expression in Reducing Anxiety

Najmeh Amani, Abdolmajid Bahrainian, Dariush Amani

Abstract One of the important groups of students in each country who play an important role in the future and the country’s education and excellence. While attending college for many students positive experiences with it for some other educational content such as quizzes, papers, presentations, and is associated with stress experience. To enhance the mental health of students, should circumstances arise that they are having issues, such as dealing with reality, adapting to changes, suffering from anxiety and daily stress, learn to deal with emotions and so on. The instruments used in this study, the Beck Anxiety Inventory. The independent variable of this study is the 8th session of emotional disclosure (spoken and written) that is executed individually for each client. The study sample population is included all male and female undergraduate students of Islamic Azad University of Kerman in the 2011-2012. After the initial screening test anxiety were randomly assigned to 3 groups of 15 persons (2 groups) were classified as controls. Each experimental group, two week and four session, went for individually spoken and written emotional expression, and behavioral cognitive was 4 weeks, and 2 sessions were referred to the therapist. During this period the group received no intervention. After the sessions, the test was performed on both groups and showed that the experimental group anxiety after receiving training in the treatment of cognitive-behavioral and emotional expression, showed significant changes. Thus, emotional expression can be a simple and effective method to address and deal with negative life events of interest to specialists.

Keywords: emotional expression (spoken and written) state of anxiety, cognitive-behavioral therapy.


Prediction of Perceived Stress Based on Social Support (and its components) in Students

Attieh Yazdi and Nooshin Taghinejad

Abstract The purpose of this study was to determine Prediction of perceived stress Based on Social Support (and its components) in Students. The study sample included 270 students of Islamic Azad University of Bandar Abbas, who were selected by random sampling method. In this study, data collection was used a questionnaire of social support and perceived stress. The main assumptions of the analysis results showed that are there is negatively associated between social support (total) and its components with perceived stress. Also the results of the analysis regression coefficients showed among the components of social protection, Components of opinion on social protection and public support predict the perceived stress.

Keywords: social support, perceived stress, students


Success Rate Prediction of Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery Based on Psychological Status

Mahshid Khavari, Abdolmajid Bahrainian, Kobra Hajializadeh

Abstract The objective of this study was to investigate the impact of psychological on the length of hospital stay after CABG surgery. In this study, 150 patients (30 females and 120 males) were selected from the convenience sampling method, among patients referred to Heart Center Hospital Shahid Mohammadi Bandar Abbas who were candidates for CABG surgery. Patients were asked to complete the questionnaire of 21 questions for anxiety- depression- stress (DASS-21). Stepwise regression analysis for psychological, The results showed that regression analysis revealed that anxiety and depression in 28% of the duration of hospitalization after surgery have predicted, Thus, the results showed that the use of pre-operative assessment of these variables in the clinical setting, we can identify those patients for whom surgery may not be successful.

Keywords: heart surgery, hospital stay, anxiety, depression


The Relationship between Emotional Intelligence and Attributional Styles with Life-satisfaction

Mahshid Khavari, Abdolmajid Bahrainian

Abstract Life satisfaction means satisfaction of the past, present and future, this study aimed to explore the role of emotional intelligence and Attributional  style in life satisfaction. In this study is correlation-prediction, the population includes all employed women in Sirjan in which 159 employed women were selected randomly. Gollman Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire (1995), Attributional  Styles Questionnaire and Diner Life Satisfaction Questionnaire were used to collect data. Multivariable regression analysis and Pierson correlation were used in the study. Resultsshowed that there is a significant relationship between emotional intelligence and life satisfaction in teachers, also there is significant relationship between Attributional  styles and life satisfaction and life satisfaction is explained with emotional intelligence and Attributional  style based on regression of variations in variance. Life satisfaction is an extensive concept that emotional intelligence and Attributional styles explain some of its variance and the rest of variance is explained by other variables.

Keywords: emotional intelligence, Attributional  styles, life satisfaction, employed


Compare the Intelligence Quotient, Creativity and Moods in 4 to 6 Year-old Children Born by Caesarean Section and Normal Vaginal Delivery

Naimeh Rahimi Moghaddam, Kourosh Mohammadi

Abstract This study aimed to compare the Intelligence quotient, creativity and moods in 4 to 6 year-old children born by caesarean section and vaginal delivery. The type of research is applied, and the method is descriptive retrospective (causal-comparative). The sample size is 50 children 4 to 6 years old city of Bandar Abbas (25 children born by cesarean section and of 25 children born normal), who were selected by purposive sampling method. Data were collected By Children Color Raven intelligence questionnaires (Anastasi, 2000), Torrance creative thinking Form B (1966) and the mood of Cloninger test (1997) (PTSTCI) and for analyze of data using multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA).  Results showed that there is no significant difference between Intelligence quotient in children born normal vaginal delivery and caesarean section (P> 0.05). But There is significant difference between mood of children born normal vaginal delivery and caesarean section (P<0.05) and there is significant difference between creativity of children born normal vaginal delivery and caesarean section (P<0.05). This means that children born by normal vaginal delivery have more creativity and positive mood than children born to C-sections. Since intelligence is a multifactorial cause and many factors involved in the increase or decrease its, so do not be counted the only reason for increase or decrease of labor. Of course, these findings cannot be used a tool to promote cesarean section, because the results showed that the method of delivery has an impact on children’s creativity and mood.

Keywords: Intelligence quotient, creativity, mood, cesarean section

Full Text 2016. 2. 138-142

Effectiveness of Logo Therapy and Behavior Therapy in Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

Farnoosh Etminan, Abdolmajid Bahrainian

Abstract Obsessive compulsive disorder is one of the important psychological disorders that can cause negative effects on people’s lives instead. That study examines the effectiveness of short-term therapy to reduce obsessive compulsive disorder has taken place. The study used a quasi-experimental design with four experimental and control. The sample included all patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder Bandar Abbas to have counseling centers. At first the 60 participants through questionnaires Obsessive-Compulsive Inventory (MOCI) and confirm the diagnosis by the doctor of clinical psychology, divided in 4 groups of 15 persons (two experimental groups and two control groups for each intervention) and as samples were selected. Then for two experimental groups intervention of Meaning therapy and behavioral therapy, but don’t  intervention for  control groups, measurement tools of Obsessive-Compulsive Inventory is  Maudsley, which was conducted in two pre-test and post-test. Data analyze using multivariate analysis of covariance (MANOVA) by spss software version 19. Results showed that F value is significant (p<0.05).  The average scores of obsessive-compulsive disorder (F = 496.371and P=0.001), there is significant difference between two experimental group in Logo therapy. The mean adjusted obsessive-compulsive disorder is show a significant difference (0.001). There are significant differences in the mean scores of obsessive-compulsive in groups (f=1.255, p=0.001). It can be concluded with 99% confidence that the decrease of obsessive-compulsive in pretest and posttest isn’t same amount. The ETA also shows that approximately 4.3% of decreased obsessive-compulsive is change by pretest and posttest scores, and the rate of change is a function of the difference between the tests. Findings of this research indicate that Logo therapy and behavior therapy can be effective in reducing obsessive-compulsive disorder. Therefore, consideration and implementation of the intervention in different departments can be useful for patients.

Keywords: Logo therapy, behavior therapy, obsessive compulsive disorder


The Effectiveness of Behavioral – Cognitive Play Therapy on Aggression Reduction

Nahid Ebadi Salari, Abdolmajid Bahrainian, Kobra Hajializadeh

Abstract The aim of present study is to investigate the effectiveness of behavioral – cognitive play therapy on aggression reduction among 8-11 years old children suffering from Conduct Disorder which were hospitalize in well-being centers of Bandar Abbas, Iran. The play therapy intervention was given to participants. The research type is pre-test post-test between experimental group designs. The statistical population is included all children, 8- 11 year-old boys in well-being centers of Bandar Abbas were in 2015-2016 (30 boys). 14 patients with conduct disorder were screened by questionnaire CSI. And to evaluate the results of intervention were selected simple random sampling method. That7 patients were assigned to the experimental group and 7 patients in the control group. Intervention for experimental group was 45 minutes. Duration session is two times per week and in 10 general sessions. For Data analyzed used statistical software of SPSS. The first stage results, the mean value of subject’s scores in the Conduct Disorder scale were 54.3 and the mean age of participants was 11.9. The comparing of control and experimental groups and between group differences were significant (P=0.001, t=128.4). Conclusion: the results of the study indicate thee the behavioral – cognitive play therapy leads to decreased level of aggression among children suffering from Conduct Disorder.

Keywords: behavioral – cognitive play therapy, Conduct Disorder, aggression.


Evaluation of the Educator’s Experiences From Curriculum of the Art in Farhangiyan University According to Eisner’s Connoisseurship and Criticism Model

Zohreh Hamzehlou, Mohammad H. Yarmohammadian, Narges Keshtiaray

Abstract In Eisner’s point of view, educating is an adventurous reaction of the teacher to the arisen results of encountered situations in the class. It is, in fact, a process which demands a strong artistic bedrock. The current study was conducted in order to evaluate the educator’s experiences from curriculum of the art in Farhangiyan University according to Eisner’s connoisseurship and criticism model. Research approach is quantitative, of its phenomenological type, and on the basis of Eisner’s theory. The participants of this study were art educators of Farhangiyan University who were selected through semi-structured interviews using purposive sampling, congruent with theoretical saturation. In addition to this, a direct observation of Art classes was carried out by the researcher precisely. The data analysis was according to the coding method and its reliability and validity were acquired through three-coordination model. According to the results, educators’ experiences were classified in two categories of positive achievements and negative challenges. Findings indicated that unfortunately the professors have not been able to take advantage of the potential content of Art and its four artistic approaches, as it should. Furthermore, Art’s insignificancy among other curriculum subjects had an impact on teaching it practically. As the research shows, lack of adequate expertise in this field, lack of appropriate artistic time and place, lack of student-teachers’ awareness of art as an important subject and its fundamental role in teaching other courses, and lack of authorities and educational planners of Farhangiyan University’s attention to this worthful subject, and using of some inexpert professors, with irrelevant majors and no experience, as art educators as well demonstrate the fact that there is not enough attention to the Art subject and its planning curriculum in this educational and academic place.

Keywords: The lived experience, Art professors, curriculum of Art as a subject, Farhangiyan University, Eisner’s educational connoisseurship mode


Prediction of Organizational Commitment Dimensions Based on Elements of Organizational Learning

Alireza Bagheri and Mohammad Salehi

Abstract This research is looking for study of predicting the organizational learning components based on dimensions of organizational commitment in the police personnel of Mazandaran. This study is a descriptive survey that was carried out by field. The study population included all law police personnel of Mazandaran province which 390 persons were selected as subjects and with random method. The instrument used is questionnaire which included 54 questions. For determining the reliability of study, the Cronbach’s alpha method was used and for the validity of face and content validity was used. To analyze the data, descriptive and inferential statistical methods, Pearson correlation coefficient tests and multiple regression analysis were used. According to the correlation coefficient between the components of organizational learning, organizational commitment can be predicted and according to the 0/506 correlation coefficient in the main theory, organizational learning influences on organizational commitment. The police of Mazandaran must institutionalized learning in the area of internal the organizations and outside interactions to achieve organizational commitment among employees.

Keywords: Individual Learning; Internal Organizational Learning; External Organizational learning; dimensions of Organizational commitment; Police


Presentation of A Model of Cultural Intelligence

Fattah Mohsenzadeh, Vahid Fallah, Mohammad Salehi

Abstract The main objective of this research is to provide cultural intelligence management model in Islamic Azad University of Mazandaran branch. This research is an applied research with exploration project was conducted with a mixed approach. The quality of purposive sampling and taking into account the saturation of law, a total of 10 people and a little using stratified random sampling based on Cochran formula, 248 were selected for the sample. Data collection tools, self-designed questionnaire with 63 questions. For the analysis of single-sample t parametric test data, exploratory factor analysis and structural equation is used. The effectiveness of aspects and components of cultural intelligence management with integrated and balanced model based on relationships between variables were calculated using LISREL software. Structural equation modeling suggests that the cultural intelligence motivation variable accepts a significant impact on the management of cultural intelligence. Cultural intelligence and cognitive dimensions of cultural intelligence also manage variable significant effect directly accepts and Cultural Intelligence Cultural Intelligence management and conduct of the variable significant effect directly accepts.

Keywords: model, management of cultural intelligence, Azad University, Mazandaran


The Effect of Exploratory Teaching Method in the Science Class on Critical Thinking Disposition of Fifth Grade Students in Jarghooyeh Area of Isfahan, Iran

Korosh Nozari, Zohreh Saadatmand and Fatemeh Saffari

Abstract The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of exploratory teaching method on the Critical Thinking Disposition. By using a quasi-experimental design, data are gathered from pre-test and post test. Population of the study consisted of 329 (153:girls and176:boys) students. For selecting the samples, elementary schools identified from different areas of jarghooyeh district of Isfahan city. Then, based on controlled demographic variables, schools were selected and finally 56 students were allocated to experimental group and 56 students were allocated to control group. The data gathering tool included California Critical Thinking Disposition Inventory (CCTDI) with 34 items (three areas of critical thinking skills including Analysis, Structuring data and Self – confidence). The content validity of questionnaire was determined using the specialist`s views and the reliability of the questionnaire was estimated 0.93 using Coronbach`s Alpha method. Data analysis was performed using SPSS17 software. Data analyzed at two levels of descriptive statistics and inferential statistics. Results showed that there was significant difference in the grades of critical thinking skills for both groups which were taught based on traditional and exploratory teaching methods (P≥0.05). Exploratory methods resulted in significant differences between control and experiment groups. Therefore, it was concluded that the exploratory teaching method influenced the analysis skills of the students. Adjusted mean scores of analysis component suggested that control group has lower analysis skills in comparison to exploratory group.

Keywords: Teaching method, Exploratory, Critical thinking


Organizational Factors Stressful and Productivity of Employees Working in Educational System

Zahra Turki, Mahnoosh Abedini

Abstract The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between Organizational factors stressful and productivity of employees working in education department is the second district of Bandar Abbas. Due to low number of subject, census sampling method was used. 85 questionnaires were returned by 124 people. Participants filled out two questionnaires of job stress Nordic and productivity questionnaire responded of Goldsmith. For data analysis, inferential statistics, and regression analysis and Pearson correlation coefficient was used. The results showed there is a significant association between job stressors safety and employee productivity. The significance level for less than two variables 0.005 and the correlation coefficient is equal to 0.471. There is a significant correlation between stressors in the field of socio-organizational and employee productivity and there is a significant relationship between stressors in personal Scope of and employee productivity. The significant variable for less than 0.005 and the correlation coefficient is equal to 0.372.

Keywords: organizational factors, stress, productivity

Full Text 2016. 2. 196-199

The Effect of Multiple Intelligence on Entrepreneurship

Farhad Nooraie, Mohammad Salehi, Taraneh Enayati

Abstract The purpose of present study is considering the effect of organizational, spiritual and emotional intelligence on entrepreneurship at Islamic Azad University, Ali Abad Katol branch. Entrepreneurship is a process that has led to creation of satisfaction or new demands; in the other word, it is process of value making through creation of a unique set of sources for taking advantage of opportunities. Entrepreneurship and intelligence are two superior characteristics which is hidden among organizations’ members. Regarding the importance of this issue and purpose of it, present study is explanative, correlation type. Statistical society of present study included scientific boards of Islamic Azad University, Ali Abad Katol branch. In 2016, 119 members were selected accidentally among 181 members of scientific board. To gather data, following questionnaires were used: organizational intelligence (Albrecht), emotional intelligence (Brad Berry and Greaves), spiritual intelligence (Linda) and entrepreneurship (Robbins). After validity confirmation through content validity method, questionnaires stability was measured by Alpha Cronbach; these amounts were α= (0.88) for entrepreneurship questionnaire, α= (0.87) for spiritual intelligence questionnaire, α= (0.84) for emotional questionnaire and α= (0.91) for organizational intelligence questionnaire. Obtained data were analyzed through explanative and inferential calculations (Pearson correlation coefficient). The results showed that organizational intelligence, emotional intelligence, spiritual intelligence affected entrepreneurship.

Keywords: Spiritual Intelligence, Organizational intelligence, Emotional intelligence Entrepreneurship