Special Issue II

Special Issue II  – September 2016

A Study of Perceived Parental Styles and Self-Esteem of Adolescents

Andhra Jhansi Rani

Abstract The aim of the study was to investigate the phenomenon of parental involvement in early childhood education and the factors that impact on it. Three psychological constructs of parents’ involvement: (a) ‘Parents’ Motivational Beliefs’, (b) ‘Parents’ Perception of Invitations’ and (c) ‘Parents’ Perceived Life Context’ were examined.  The revised model of Walker et al (2005, p.89) was used to create questionnaires which were employed in the investigation focusing primarily on what parents do to engage with their young children’s home based and school based activities. Survey responses were received from parents of children participating in the ECCE centre in the community. Face-to-face interviews were also organized with parents of students who recently graduated from the institution and the teachers. Results indicated that ‘Parents Motivational Beliefs’ was the driving force behind parents’ involvement in their children’s education and that most likely improved children’s school performance. However, parents’ involvement in school-based activities was not actively undertaken. Parents’ Perception of Invitation was important as parents became involved if they perceived that teachers desired their involvement. In the case of working parents, these parents identified a support system for their educational involvement. Finally, a variety of factors have been identified as contributing to the disproportionate under achievement of children.

Keywords: Perceived Parental Styles, Self-Esteem, Adolescents

Full Text 2016. S2. 1-9

The status of the privatization of education in Asian countries (Case study: Saudi Arabia and Malaysia)

Khedri A. Saeedian N. and Talebi B.

Abstract This study is qualitative and is done with the aim of the evaluation of the privatization of education in Asian countries based on the latest list of the valid international institutions. Studying texts, library references, research on valid websites and review of literature showed that Saudi Arabia and Malaysia have paid attention to the increase of the role of the private section in education in their development plan. The results of the research also showed that accurate supervision and the control of the government on the private section and the importance of the people cooperation in the privatization of the education cause the formation of a new managing center in the educational system of Saudi Arabia and the standardization of education in Malaysia.

Keywords: education, privatization, Saudi Arabia, Malaysia

Full Text 2016. S2. 10-18

Introducing a Model of Recognizing the Process of Indifference Management in Ardebil Education System (A type of Mix Method and Exploratory Research)

Abolfazli E. Yousefi Saidabadi R. and Fallah V.

Abstract The purpose of the present study was to offer a model for introducing dimensions and process of indifference management in the general office of Education in Ardebil Province. To reach at this goal the mix method of exploratory research was used. Population of this study was Ethical Sciences’ teachers, managers, and assistants of the general office of Education of Ardebil. In qualitative section using purposeful sampling method 24 individuals were interviewed and in quantitative section from among the 2817 individuals 383 persons were selected by simple randomly sampling methodology. In the qualitative section, data was collected using semi-organized interview which the method of participant feedback was used for its credibility and in the quantitative section a researcher-made was used that its Cronbach’s Alpha coefficient was 80%. To analyse the research findings in the qualitative stage the method of systematic analysis on the basis of open, core and selective coding was used and in the quantitative stage structural equation modelling was used. Findings in the qualitative stage showed that indifference management in the general office of Education of Ardebil has 6 principal dimensions including organizational culture, climate, job satisfaction, organizational perception, behaviour and performance of manager, employee’s development. Other findings showed that in the quantitative stage pattern, the offered relations in the form of hypotheses were approved using qualitative analysis of findings.

Keywords: indifference management, indifference management in Education office, indifference trend among employees

Full Text 2016. S2. 19-33

Family-School Partnerships: Leadership Module for Family-School Connections

 Hong X.

Abstract This module is designed to provide the leadership team with essential information about critical process variables for creating and sustaining family-school connections (i.e., approach taken, attitudes held, atmosphere present, actions taken). The content focuses on family-school partnerships and emphasizes school variables that impact parent participation. Broad topics, which include policies for family-school partnerships to enhance children’s learning, critical aspects of a welcoming atmosphere at school for engaging families, ensuring a school-wide effort for partnerships, and persistent efforts to reach uninvolved families, are important for children’s learning and applicable specifically to enhancing children’s reading skills. Although teachers are the primary contact with parents, ways to support teacher efforts to enhance reading of students living in unique situations are also important.

Keywords: Family-School Partnerships, Leadership Module, Family-School Connections

Full Text 2016. S2. 34-51

Explaining the Role of Spiritual Leadership in Envy Management of Faculty Members through the Role of Professional Mediator

Daneshvar Heris Z. Yousefi Saidabadi R.and Niazazari K.

Abstract Nowadays, professional development in organizations, particularly educational settings, has led to highest productivity, so that it is considered as one of the organizational empowerment competencies. The present study was conducted to explain the share of spiritual leadership in envy management of faculty members of Islamic Azad Universities of East Azerbaijan province through the role of professional mediator. This study was a descriptive and correlational study that was conducted using structural equation modeling. The sample of this study consisted of all faculty members, with the rank of assistant professor or higher, in academic year of 2014-2015 and 316 subjects were selected by Cochran formula. The results showed that there is a positive and significant relationship between spiritual leadership and envy management of faculty members and professional development, so that in investigating the direct and indirect relationship between variables, spiritual management has been effective on organizational envy management. The proposed model enjoyed from good fitness. As a result, faculty members, with suitable professional development and the atmosphere of managers’ spiritual leadership can prevent envy and these goals will be achieved when the professional development of faculty members in avoiding envy is seriously considered.

Keywords: organizational envy management, spiritual leadership, faculty members, university

Full Text 2016. S2. 52-63

Relationship between Family Function and Couple Well-being in South African

Amanda J.D.

Abstract Along with the economy, polity and education, the family is universally viewed as one of the essential sectors without which no society can function. As the setting for demographic reproduction, the seat of the first integration of individuals into social life, and the source of emotional, material and instrumental support for its members, the family influences the way society is structured, organized, and functions. It is essentially through the family that each generation is replaced by the next; that children are born, socialized and cared for until they attain their independence; and that each generation fulfills its care responsibilities to minors, older persons, and the sick. Aim of this study is investigation of relationship between family function and couple well-being in South African couples. Results showed an strong and positive relationship between family function and couple well-being in South African couples.

Keywords: Family-School Partnerships, Leadership Module, Family-School Connections

Full Text 2016. S2. 64-71

The Individual Requirements of Using Media Based on the Religious Teachings

Karimi H. and  Vaezi S.H.

Abstract The present essay has aimed at analyzing the Islamic views and teachings in order to specify  the  individual  requirements  in  using  media.  It  has  been  carried  out  through qualitative method and analyzing the concept using library data. In this regard, attention to the Islamic individual requirements such as relation of the individual to God, to their selves, and to the world around with a focus on the media seems to be urgent. The findings of the research shows nowadays fast, brief, and useful communication is one of the features of human interactions; the technological equipment of the modern era has been accepted as an existential requirement by all ages from children to adults and despite their many advantages, they sometimes cause spiritual distress, spread of degeneration and moral decline among the users. Given that the relation between human and God, human and the other world, human and this world, human and other men, and responsibility and reward is based on justice and beneficence, it is necessary to frame the interactions, communications, and requirements of human being in using media as one of the key factors in development process according to the correct education based on the divine and other-worldly reward and penalty.

Keywords: media, individual requirements, interactions, Islam

Full Text 2016. S2. 72-82

Evaluating Suitability of Subheadings Postgraduate Course Environmental Geology and Educational Needs of Students

Mahnaz Ahmadian, Zohreh Saadatmand, Sayed Hassan Hejazi

Abstract The purpose of study is Evaluation Suitability of Subheadings Postgraduate Course Environmental geology and educational needs of students. The statistical population consist of postgraduate students of geology trends of environmental geology in the public and Islamic Azad University in Iran which 180 persons. The sample size is 123 subjects. The sample method in this study is multi-stage cluster sampling. Result showed that Based on the data summarized in Tables, the average scores obtained subheading for appropriateness the learning needs of students, for six lessons and for items needed presented as follows: (1). for study environmental geochemistry is 3.80 to 2.25, (2). For environmental management and sustainable development 3.22 versus 2.17, (3): to study Medical Geology 3.31 against 2.33, (4): for specific topics in geology 3.50 against 2.67, (5): to geological hazards: 3.94 versus 2.33 and (6): for environmental geological of engineering projects 3.77 against 2.35.  So the result obtained for the required items higher than average and this reality that the learning needs of students from beyond the subheadings presented.

Keywords: curriculum, environmental geology, educational needs


Relationship between Emotional Intelligence and Creativity and Job Burnout Among Primary Teachers

Elham Tavangar Rizi and Ahmad Shabani

Abstract The purpose of study is evaluation the relationship between emotional intelligence and creativity and job burnout among primary teachers Lenjan city. The statistical population is primary school teachers Lenjan city who are working in public schools in 2015-2016.  Sample methods are random stratified cluster sampling. to measure  of emotional intelligence used questionnaire Shearing, To measure job burnout Maslach and Jackson and to measure creativity used Abedi questionnaire. The reliability of the questionnaire using Cronbach’s alpha coefficient for job burnout questionnaire is 0.867, emotional intelligence 0.854 and creativity questionnaire 0.912 respectively. Data through the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test, Pearson correlation coefficient, structural equation modeling, two independent samples t test and one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) were analyzed. Result showed that there are relationship between emotional intelligence and creativity and job burnout of teachers (P <0.01; r= -0.309). Results showed that there is a significant relationship between the dimensions of creativity and emotional intelligence of teachers, dimensions of job burnout and emotional intelligence and between job burnout with creativity of teachers (P < 0.01).

Keywords: emotional intelligence, creativity, job burnout, primary teachers


Relationship between Emotional Intelligence and Meta-Cognition with Problem Solving Skills of Junior High School Students of Smart Schools and Ordinary Schools

Hengameh Monemian and Ahmad Shabani

Abstract The current research examines the relationship between emotional intelligence and meta-cognition with problem solving skills of junior high school students of smart schools and ordinary schools in Isfahan. The study was descriptive and correlative and its statistical population includes 70,741 students at the junior high schools which were smart and ordinary schools of Isfahan city in the academic year 2015-2016. For this purpose a sample size of 400 students (200 boys and 200 girls) were selected according to Morgan table and random multi-stage cluster sampling. For data collection, Emotional Intelligence Scale of Bradbury and Graves (2005) and Problem Solving Inventory PSI of Heperto Peterson (1982) and MCQ-state students O’Neal and Abedi (1996) were used. Data were analyzed by Pearson correlation coefficient and Multiple Regression. The results of Pearson analysis showed a significant and positive correlation in the following six cases. 1. Between emotional intelligence, problem solving and meta-cognition. 2. Between emotional intelligence and problem-solving components except – Avoidance/attitude style .3 – Between emotional intelligence and meta-cognitive components. 4. Between meta-cognitive skills and problem-solving component except attitude – avoidance style. (5) Between components of emotional intelligence and problem-solving skills. (6) Between meta-cognitive skills and emotional intelligence components. Moreover, the results of multiple regression analysis showed that emotional intelligence is a good predictor of problem solving skills and the components of Problem solving confidence (PSC) and personal control (PC). Meanwhile emotional intelligence is a suitable predictor for meta-cognition and meta-cognitive components.

Keywords: emotional intelligence, meta-cognition, problem solving skills, junior high school students of smart and ordinary schools in Isfahan


Content Analysis of Primary School Textbooks from The Perspective of Environmental Ethics

Haniehsadat Sadat Shekarabi and Zohreh Saadatmand

Abstract The current research was performed with the aim of analyzing the content of curricula Persian, Science and Heavenly Gifts of first period elementary based on environmental ethics. They include cleanness and environmental protection, cleanness and protection of human-made environment (urban), how to use energy resources, and protection of plants and animals. Thus, in this research Persian, Science and Heavenly Gifts textbooks of first period elementary were analyzed as most important educational resource to determine the extent to which moved in line with environmental ethics. Shannon entropy was used in research content analysis. Analysis unit was Persian and Science of first, second and third grades and Heavenly Gifts of second and third grades of first period elementary, which they include a total of 695 pages of Persian book, 318 pages of Science book, and 205 pages of Heavenly Gifts of first period elementary. The statistical society was Persian, Science and Heavenly Gifts textbooks of first period elementary in 2015 academic year. The results indicated that the most attention was paid in all Persian textbooks of first, second and third grades of first period elementary to environmental ethics namely cleanness and protection of human-made environment (urban) (258%) and protection of plants and animals (258%), in Science textbooks of first, second and third grades of first period elementary protection of plants and animals (266%), and in Heavenly textbooks of first, second and third grades of first period elementary to cleanness and environmental protection (0.24).

Keywords: Cleanness and Environmental Protection, Cleanness and Protection of Human-Made Environment (Urban), How to Use Energy Resources, Protection of Plants and Animals