Special Issue

Special Issue   – July 2016


Odhiambo S. O.

Abstract This study focused on the impact of e-learning on academic performance. The study relates to a level one undergraduate module delivered using traditional lectures and e-learning based methods. E-learning has been revealed in this study not to have a positive impact on academic achievement contrary to the expectations of this study. The paper also examines the data for the presence of interaction effects between e-learning study hours and socio-demographic characteristics. This is undertaken to identify whether or not personal-characteristic-related learning style differences influence the extent to which students benefit from e-learning. It is found that, after controlling for other factors, female students benefited less from e-leaning material than their male counterparts. The methodology that was employed in this study was systematic random sampling for students under traditional study mode and purposive sampling in identification of students under the e-learning study mode. It is concluded that in order to improve teaching effectiveness and academic achievement, higher education should consider aiming to develop e-learning teaching strategies that encourage greater engagement and also take into consideration the different learning styles found within the student body. The study recommends that critical factors such as institutional issue, management issue, pedagogical factors, technological issue, interface design issue, evaluation issue, and resource support issue and the factors within each issue have not yet been investigated with detail coverage. It further suggests that there is need to carry out detail research involving case studies based on survey questionnaires involving various learning institutions which will ultimately give a better understanding of impact of e-learning aspects within implementation process.

Keywords: e-learning, academic performance, group learning

Full Text 2016. SI.1. 1-13

Relationship between Parental Involvement, Parental Support and Family Education on Pupil Achievement and Adjustment in Schools

Alberto A.

Abstract A review of English language literature was conducted to establish research findings on the relationship between parental involvement, parental support and family education on pupil achievement and adjustment in schools. Two distinct bodies of literature were discerned.  One focused on describing and understanding the nature, extent, determinants and impact of spontaneously occurring parental involvement on children’s educational outcomes.  The second body of work is concerned with describing and evaluating attempts to intervene to enhance spontaneous levels of involvement. Recent research on spontaneous levels of parental involvement is generally of a very high quality using advanced statistical techniques to describe the scope and scale of involvement and to discern its unique impact on pupil achievement. This research consistently shows that Parental involvement takes many forms including good parenting in the home, including the provision of a secure and stable environment, intellectual stimulation, parent-child discussion, good models of constructive social and educational values and high aspirations relating to personal fulfillment and good citizenship; contact with schools to share information; participation in school events; participation in the work of the school; and participation in school governance.

Keywords: Parental Involvement, Parental Support, Family Education, Pupil Achievement

Full Text 2016. SI.1. 14-27

The Relationship between Loneliness with Anxiety and Depression in Students

 Deldari T. and Hajializadeh K.

Abstract This study aimed to investigate the relationship between loneliness and psychological problems of Hormozgan University students in 2014. The research was descriptive and correlation-based. The study statistical population consisted of all Hormozgan university students in 2014 academic year. Of these, 267 subjects were selected by random sampling. The loneliness scale of Usher, Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS) and Beck’s Suicide Scale were used to collect information. The results of this study indicate that the relationship between loneliness and psychological problems, including anxiety and depression (P <0.05). The role of depression is more prominent than other psychological problems. Gender differences implies that girls feel less anxiety and loneliness than boys (P <0.05).

Keywords: loneliness, anxiety and depression

Full Text 2016. SI.1. 28-32

Essential Elements for an Effective Information Literacy Education

Andretta S.

Abstract The definition of information literacy presented here is the one proposed by the Australian and New Zealand Institute of Information Literacy which promotes the development of independent learning skills, also known as the “learn-how-to-learn” approach, within the wider perspective of lifelong learning.  Three main contextual challenges to the successful implementation of information literacy education are explored here.  From the perspectives of learners and educators the paper examines the difficulties of engaging with the learning how to learn approach exemplified by the spoon-feeding expectations of the learners and the rescue mode attitude of the educator. The third challenge is the implication for the culture of the institution implementing the embedded model of information literacy education as advocated by three national information literacy frameworks. The frameworks claim that the embedded model requires a shift from a transmission type of provision to one that fosters the facilitation of learning within a knowledge-construction approach. Here, issues such as the need for a flexible learning environment supporting a campus-wide information literacy policy is assessed against the institutional concerns about high retention rates and the logistics of fixed programming and timetabling schedules. The impact of this pedagogical shift on provision is presented through examples from information literacy practice employed within undergraduate and postgraduate courses run by the Information Management School, London Metropolitan University. In particular the cases explored illustrate the main challenge of adhering to professional and institutional requirements while employing information literacy as the learning framework.

Keywords: Information Literacy, transmission, Education

Full Text 2016. SI.1. 33-40

Designing Teacher Training Curriculum Based on Gardner’s Five Minds Approach

  Sabahi Zadeh  M. Keshtiaray N. Yarmohammadian M.

Abstract Howard Gardner is a psychologist who has defined the theory of five minds in five forms of disciplinary mind, synthesizing mind, creating mind, respectful mind and ethical mind. The writers of this article seek to present a model in the teacher training curriculum in the event of bringing up these minds and different printed and electronic available resources in the event of research objective are used. Content analysis and quantitative content analysis with comparative categorization system are used in this study. The results showed that paying attention to four main elements of curriculum including objectives, content, method and evaluation are prior and curricula are changed in line with these elements.

Keywords: Mind, disciplinary mind, synthesizing mind, creating mind, respectful mind, ethical mind, curriculum, teacher training

Full Text 2016. SI.1. 41-48

Comparing Job Satisfaction, Intimacy and Marital Satisfaction of Married Men with Employed and Unemployed Wives

Sadegh Pour M. and Mohammadi K.

Abstract This study aimed to investigate the differences of job satisfaction, marital satisfaction and intimacy of married men with employed and non-employed wives in the city of Bandar Abbas. This research is applied in terms of purpose and descriptive causal-comparative method (post-event) was used. Research statistical population included all married men with employed and unemployed wives in the city of Bandar Abbas among whom 200 were studied using available sampling method. Job Satisfaction (1951), Marital Intimacy of Thompson and Walker (1983) and Enrich’s Marital Satisfaction (1993) questionnaires were used to collect the data. Data were analyzed using multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) and SPSS software. The results of this study show that there is a significant difference between the average of job satisfaction in the group of men with employed wives and group of men with unemployed wives (P < 0.01, F (1 and 198) = 26.91). The results also showed that there is a significant difference between the average of marital satisfaction in the groups of married men with employed and unemployed wives (P < 0.05, F (1 and 198) = 6.29) and analysis of data in the third hypothesis showed that there is a significant difference between the average of marital intimacy in the groups of married men with employed and unemployed wives (P < 0.01, F (1 and 198) = 77.3). It can be concluded that in families with employed wives, the structure change from traditional form to the modern one has changed the family structure and has affected the marital intimacy of men in the family. Moreover, tensions within families with both couples working effect on the jobs and job satisfaction of men significantly.

Keywords: job satisfaction, marital satisfaction, marital intimacy, both couples employed.

Full Text 2016. SI.1. 49-55

The Effectiveness of Group Narrative Therapy on the Reduction of Social Phobia Among 11 to 15 Years Female Adolescents

Hoseini Z. and Askari M.

Abstract The main objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of group narrative therapy in reducing social phobia among 11 to 15 years female adolescents. The research method was quasi-experimental with pretest-posttest and control group. In this research, using two groups of test and control, 50 students were selected by available sampling and were placed in two groups randomly. Social phobia was assessed before intervention in the two groups of test and control (pretest) using Social Phobia Inventory of Connor (SPIN) and then experimental intervention in the test group was conducted at eight 2-hour sessions and after the termination of the training program for the test group, pretest was taken of both groups. The results showed that group narrative therapy has had a significant positive effect on reducing social phobia in 11 to 15 years female adolescents. Due to the hypothesis confirmation and the effect of narrative therapy on reducing social phobia, it is suggested for school principals to be watchful enough for the social phobia of secondary school students and develop the education of problem solving skills at schools and design plans for strengthening social problem solving skills and the treatment of inconsistent cognitive schema in students.

Keywords: narrative therapy, social phobia, social communications, 11 to 15 years female adolescents.

Full Text 2016. SI.1. 56-59

Comparing the Academic Performance and Achievement Motivation of Junior High School Students

Hassanzadeh SH. Fani H. and  Fallahi V.

Abstract This study aimed to investigate the effect of Imam Khomeini Relief Committee support on the achievement motivation and academic performance of junior high school students in Bandar Abbas by causal-comparative method. The statistical population of the study consisted of all students in Bandar Abbas. The sample consisted of 400 people who were selected by random sampling method, including 200 sponsored and non-sponsored 200 students in each group of which there are 100 females and 100 males. Instrument of assessment were Inventory of School Motivation (ISM) and Educational Performance Test (EPT). The results indicate that there is a significant difference between the sponsored and non-sponsored students in the achievement motivation and academic performance.

Keywords: Academic Performance, Achievement Motivation, Junior High School Students.

Full Text 2016. SI.1. 60-65

The Relationship between Organizational Learning and the Dimensions of Brand Equity in the Food Industry

 Rahimi M.R. Bagheri  M. Paselari  P. 

Abstract Nowadays, many organizations of capital, brand (brand name) is the organization. During the past decade, the value of a company in terms of real estate, and tangible property, plant and equipment were measured. However, recent research in economics and management have come to the conclusion that the true value of a company out of its place, it is in the minds of potential buyers. Price of a product, which measures the monetary value, but they are revealing distinctive aspects of product introduction. In addition, the current environment is much faster than organizations can change, and this is a challenge that seems to be necessary.In such situations, managers must learn how to change effectively within the organization in order to be successful in its mission to achieve organizational goals.Given the importance of these two issues arose researcher sought to examine the impact of organizational learning on brand equity. Food industries from the perspective of the people, by using two questionnaires with 17 measures of organizational learning and questionnaire measures of brand equity in 5 to 7 food factories in solidarity bandarabas test, variance, covariance was carried out in SPSS software. Finally, the significant results achieved are described in detail in Chapter Five.

Keywords: brand equity, organizational learning, industrial food


 Comparing Organizational Justice and Organizational Trust of Physical Education Teachers in Public and Private Schools

Nikoo KH. and Saybani H.R.

 Abstract The present study aimed to compare the organizational justice and organizational trust teachers of physical education in governmental and non-governmental schools of Bandar Abbas to come into force .The method of the present study is that the purpose of causal- comparative and field study was conducted. The population consists of all physical education teachers in governmental schools and non-governmental schools. According to statistics in 1393, including 253 cases of which 170 governmental school and 83 nongovernmental schools working in statistical Bashnd. Nmvnh 185(Using morgan table and returned questionnaires of 102 govermental and 83 Non- goverrmental schools) physical education teachers Bandar city education Department.  The survey questionnaires to collect data on organizational justice (Niehoff and moorman ,1993 )which includes distributive justice (70/0=α),procedural justice (76/0= α) ,interactional justice(87/0= α),organizational trust scale(in,2003)(75/0= α)and demographic questionnaire. Exploratory factor analysis was used to ensure the validity of the approved  and also the sports management professiols. Manova was used to analyze the test data. The findings of statistical analysis as follows. The distributive justice,procedural justice, interactionl justice,significant difference was found between physical education teachers in governmental  schools and non governmental ,and most of these components was higher in the non-governmental school teachers.This difference was statistically significant variable in the discussion as well as organizational trust and confidence in government teacher are more private school teachers.

Keywords: organizational justice. Distributive justice, procedural justice, interactional justice, organizational trust, physical education teachers

Full Text 2016. SI.1. 77-87

Teaching-Learning Environment in the Curriculum with Students’ Mental Health Promotion Ideology

 Ebadi S.H. Keshtiaray N. Aghaei A. and Yousefy A.

Abstract Teaching – learning environment should be designed considering the psychological needs of students, adherence to the principle of mediation between form and meaning in architecture and in line with the satisfaction of human requirements, emotional security, good sensation and mental well-being and the happiness of future generation. The main objective of this study was to determine the characteristics of the elements and teaching – learning environment in the curriculum based on mental health. The present study is done based on the previous research finding analyses by the synthesis method and with the aim of achieving consolidated knowledge as the teaching-learning environment in the curriculum based on mental health promotion. The research area of all research papers of Iranian researchers has been students and the sampling has been purposeful which has continued until theoretical saturation. Authentic databases (Homogenous sampling) in the period of last 10 years (2005-2016) were used to select 100 Iranian papers related to the promotion of mental health of students. Information analysis through subjective coding with a three-step open, axial, and selective coding indicate that atmosphere and teaching-learning environment of the curriculum should be established in three dimensions of physical dimension (the school greenery, light and natural ventilation, happy coloring, beauty and aesthetics (environment decoration), and creative multiple usage), mental dimension (clean and innocent environment, healthy and exciting atmosphere and positive emotional atmosphere) and social dimension (facilitative and supportive environment and peer interactions atmosphere) for improving the mental health of students.

Keywords: Curriculum, mental health, teaching- learning environment, well-being

Full Text 2016. SI.1. 88-100

Designing Competency –Based Curriculum Model for Teacher Training Curriculum

 Piri E. Keshtiaray N. and Saadatmand Z.

Abstract In recent years, the idea of competency- based curriculum has been supported in teacher training, to indicate the nature of changing society, training and the world of job. The purpose of this paper included investigation of competency- based curriculum, necessity and advantage of using it in teacher training program, and providing an educational model based on competency in teacher training program. The method of this study was systematic review and the author has analyzed the subject based on library resources and reliable data base. The findings showed that competency- based training should be considered as a principle in designing teacher training curriculum, also as a context for developing professional skill and as a strategy-based principle as a sustainable policy.

Keywords: Competency; Competency –based Curriculum; Teacher’s Competences; Teacher Training Curriculum

Full Text 2016. SI.1.101-116

Relationship between Personality Traits and Stress Management and Anxiety

 Mahmoudi M. and Samavi S.A.

Abstract This study has been implemented with the aim of investigating the relationship between personality traits and stress management and anxiety among the staff of Islamic Azad University of Bandar Abbas. The method of this research is descriptive and application in terms of objectives and is correlation-based as a field study. The statistical population included all the staff of Islamic Azad University of Bandar Abbas that includes 250 people. Statistical sample formed 97 people (using Morgan table and returning the questionnaires). The data collection tools in this study were the standard questionnaire of NEO personality (short form) Five-Factor test, Beck anxiety, and the questionnaire of anxiety, depression and stress, and demographic questionnaire. In order to ensure the validity of questionnaire, the exploratory factor analysis was used. Pearson correlation test and regression were used in order to analyze the data. The results indicate that due to the achieved significant level that is greater than 0.01 except for neurosis component, in other components (openness to experience, duty-oriented, agreeableness and extraversion) there was no significant relationship with stress management. Moreover, except for duty-oriented and extraversion, there was a significant correlation in other anxiety components.

Keywords: personality traits, stress management, anxiety

Full Text 2016. SI.1.117-123

Explaining the Objectives of the Curriculum of Moral Intelligence of Elementary School Students

 Vaziri Yazdi S. Yousefi A. and Keshtiaray N.

Abstract The present study is aimed to investigate the codification process of moral intelligence curriculum. In this research, content analysis based on deductive composition method and sequential model of Mairing is used. The study area included all electronic and printed texts from the thoughts and ideas of scientists and ideologists of moral intelligence and curriculum conceptualism and the texts were chosen through purposeful sampling and the information were gathered through note taking. The required considerations regarding the credibility and dependability were taken into account. The results indicate that after the content analysis of the selected texts, 20 conceptual codes were found including: the development of moral performance, the development of moral thought (moral reasoning), creating executive character, creating moral character, the development of religious beliefs, educating the aesthetics view to morality, education of freedom of thought and behavior, the development of creative thinking, the development of critical thinking, educating good and lawful citizen, creating the democracy belief, the development of internal motivation (self-motivation), the education of caring and sympathy spirit, the development of social awareness and behaviors, the development of work ethics (conscientious), the growth of kindness and empathy, the development and education of the perfectionist motivation, the strengthening of the rule of law skill, the development of self-care and moral conscience and the education of deep and philosophical thinking towards the self and phenomena and determining the moral intelligence curriculum objectives of the primary school students.

Keywords: objective, curriculum, primary school, moral intelligence

Full Text 2016. SI.1.124-130

The Impact of Sand Play Therapy on the Improvement of Responsibility in Male Students

 Yousofzadeh V. and  Sabahizade M.

Abstract This study aimed to determine the effect of sand play therapy on the improvement of responsibility in the second grade elementary school male students in 2015-16 academic years in the city of Kahnooj. The statistical population of this study includes all secondary school students in 2015-16 academic years in Kahnooj elementary schools as 4230 students. In this study, the pretest-posttest quasi-experimental design was used with control group. There are two groups in this study. Both groups were assessed at the same time and before the implementation of the independent variable and both groups were reassessed at the same time and after the implementation of the independent variable. The subjects were selected randomly and were placed in the groups. The test group was in the domain of the independent variable but this variable was not conducted on the control group. Gough (1984) responsibility questionnaire was used and frequency, mean, standard deviation, percentage and table were used in the descriptive statistics in order to analyze the data and in the inferential statistics, Chi2 test was used to analyze the research data via SPSS and covariance and independent t test. The covariance analysis results showed that sand play therapy is significant on the improvement of responsibility in the second grade elementary school male students in the city of Kahnooj at 0.001. So, the hypothesis was confirmed.

Keywords: sand, sand play, responsibility, games

Full Text 2016. SI.1.131-134

The Relationship between Organizational Culture and Perceived Supports with Innovation-Orientation

Mohseni H. and  Abedini M.

Abstract The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of organizational culture on perceived organizational support and innovation-oriented of district 2 of Education Department in Bandar Abbas. The statistical population of the study included all the contract and executive staff and principals of district 2 of Education Department in Bandar Abbas as 250 people. 152 of them were selected as the sample based on Morgan table. Measuring instruments in this study included Robin’s organizational culture (1998) questionnaire and Zaki’s perceived organizational support (2006) and Moghimi’s organizational innovation questionnaires. Descriptive statistics were used to show the level of education, age and so on. Correlation and Pearson correlation coefficient techniques were used to investigate the relationships between variables. The results suggest that there is a significant relationship between organizational culture and perceived organizational support with innovation-orientation of employees.

Keywords: organizational culture, perceived support, innovation-orientation

Full Text 2016. SI.1.135-142

The Effect of Drawing on Learning Math

 TanZadeh M. and  Motamed S.

Abstract Drawing strategy is one of the most useful tools of problem solving and in case of using it, the issue becomes more tangible and the problem solver obtains a clearer understanding of the issue data. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of drawing on the math learning of students. The present study is a descriptive study. The statistical population of this study included all grade seven students and teachers in Bandar Charak city as 80 students and 4 teachers in 2015-16 academic years. Due to the low volume of the study, all grade seven students and teachers were studied to get more accurate and scientific results. Data collection tools in this study consist of two standard questionnaires one of which is related to teachers and the other to students. Research data were analyzed at two descriptive and inferential statistics levels through SPSS software. The results show that mathematics education by drawing has a positive impact on both the learning and on solving math problems. Drawing shapes increases the interest of students to learn mathematical concepts. The teachers’ information about figure drawing is high and math teachers benefit figure drawing in their teaching. But, in the view point of seventh grade math teachers, figure drawing strategy has not been paid attention to competently.

Keywords: problem solving strategy, drawing shapes (drawing), problem solving, math learning


Ranking and Effect of Modern Banking Services to Increase the Resources

Bahari, A.  Jokar A.  Kordlouei,  H.R.

Abstract The purpose of study is evaluated of Ranking and effect of Modern banking services to increase the resources (Case Study of Saman Bank, Gheshm). This study is descriptive methodology and research type is Survey. The statistical population is all employees and customers of Saman Bank in Qeshm City .the sample size is 300 persons were selected using by random sampling method. A questionnaire was used to collect data. For data analysis was used SPSS 20 software. Tables and diagrams were used for descriptive statistics and inferential statistics were used Pearson correlation and regression. The results showed that there is relationship between amount of quality with citizenship card, using ATM and branch 24 hours, use mobile banking, using telephone banking, internet banking and the increasing inventory of their resources. Also in the ranking of these factors, operating citizenship card use with 44.6 percent increase highest share inventory of Saman Bank’s resources.

Keywords: modern banking services, increasing resources, citizenship card, Saman Bank, Qeshm