October 2017

Self-efficacy In Predicting Nursing Job Satisfaction  

Mina Parvaresh and Nooshin Taghinejad

Abstract: In job satisfaction, paying attention to the psychological and personality traits of individuals has a special place. In fact, people working in an organization with different mental and personality conditions can have different job satisfaction. Accordingly, in this research, the role of self-efficacy in predicting job satisfaction of nurses has been studied. The statistical population of this study was 60 nurses of Persian Gulf Hospital in Bandar Abbas who were selected by census method. Sharer’s Self-efficacy Questionnaire and JDI Job Satisfaction Questionnaire were used to collect information. The research hypothesis was analyzed by linear regression test. The results of this study showed that self-efficacy can explain 17.7% of job satisfaction in nurses. According to the results, it can be said that personality traits and psychological characteristics affect nursing job satisfaction.

Keywords: self-efficacy, satisfaction, job satisfaction, nurses.

Full Text 2017.2.146-150

Design the Concept of Symmetry Teaching Based on Manipulation Method and Its Impact on Academic Achievement of Sixth Grade Male Students

Mojtaba Mizsaz, Saeid Vaziri Yazdi, Mohammad Reza Abarghoei

Abstract: One of the important mathematical topics in the geometry section is the topic of symmetry. That teaching is one of the challenges faced by teachers. Also, the lack of proper teaching and appropriate teaching methods leads to a lack of learning and subsequently leads to students’ academic failure. The purpose of this study was to design the concept of symmetry teaching based on manipulation method and its impact on academic achievement of sixth grade male students of the first district of Yazd. this study is quasi-experimental with designing of pre-test, post-test with control group. The statistical population of this study was male students of the sixth grade of elementary school in a Yazd city, academic year of 96-95. Which they were 2502 students. The method was one-step process cluster random sampling. The test was taken for sixth grade students. Then, 60 students who scored lower were selected. And divided into two groups of 30, control and test. Then, 30  test groups were trained for two weeks using hand manipulation method, symmetry concept. Finally, from both the test and control groups, the content of 12 questions was taken and their scores recorded. To assess academic achievement, the researcher-made test was designed with the content of 12 questions related to central, axial, and rotary symmetry. Its reliability was confirmed 0.70 by the Krona Bach Alpha. And its validity was confirmed by the opinion of the adviser and 5 teachers of the mathematical group in the province. The results of the paired T-test showed that manipulation in the concept of central and circular symmetry was very effective for sixth grade male students in Yazd district one. And both with P-Value = 0.000 were confirmed. But the results did not show a significant relationship between education by hand and students’ academic achievement in axial symmetry.

Keywords: Manipulation method, Rotational symmetry, Central symmetry, Axial axis, Active methods.

Full Text 2017.2.151-161

Factors Affecting the Prevention of Social Harms from the Perspective of Managers

Soodabeh Mollaei, Moosa Javdan

Abstract: Cultural, social, economic, political, geographical backgrounds and social norms of a society are important factors in the occurrence of social harms. Studying the social harms in a society regardless of the underlying conditions and the help of all institutions and organizations for prevention and reduction of the harms is not possible. This study aimed to examine the factors affecting the prevention of social harms in the viewpoint of administrators and experts in the city of Bandar Abbas. Accordingly, after the review of the literature, it was determined that social harms are increasing in this city and the reason s the lack of a consistent plan among administrators and organizations for prevention and reduction of social harms. One of the most effective preventive strategies to reduce the social harms is the scientific study and examination. The plot of this research was descriptive-exploratory survey and a combination of fundamental exploratory research and explanatory development research in line with the reasons of the increase of the social harms in which the reference is to the interviewees (organizations and institutions’ managers) to study the way of interaction of the cooperation of the governmental and private institutions and organizations to prevent the social harms and crimes. The statistical population was 22 of the managers of governmental institutions and organizations in Bandar Abbas in 2015 who were selected through available sampling. A 13-item researcher-made questionnaire was used for the data collection and by interview. The interview is been designed based on the views of experts and professors in the field of social harms and based on the analysis of the factors affecting psychosocial harms. The results indicated that the lack of knowledge in the field of social issues, the lack of social and life skills such as parenting styles and treating husband skills, mental disorders and unemployment are the important factors in the occurrence of social harms. These factors can be reduced through premarital education life skills and parenting styles education and strengthening the culture of entrepreneurship. Therefore, based on the results of this research, preventing programs in coordination with all government and public agencies and organizations can be an effective step towards reducing social harms.

Keywords: social harms, managers, prevention, unemployment and organizations

Full Text 2017.2.162-168