Comparing the Efficacy of Cognitive – Behavioral Therapy and Emotional Expression in Reducing Anxiety

Najmeh Amani, Abdolmajid Bahrainian, Kobra Hajializadeh, Dariush Amani

Abstract One of the important groups of students in each country who play an important role in the future and the country’s education and excellence. While attending college for many students positive experiences with it for some other educational content such as quizzes, papers, presentations, and is associated with stress experience. To enhance the mental health of students, should circumstances arise that they are having issues, such as dealing with reality, adapting to changes, suffering from anxiety and daily stress, learn to deal with emotions and so on. The instruments used in this study, the Beck Anxiety Inventory. The independent variable of this study is the 8th session of emotional disclosure (spoken and written) that is executed individually for each client. The study sample population is included all male and female undergraduate students of Islamic Azad University of Kerman in the 2011-2012. After the initial screening test anxiety were randomly assigned to 3 groups of 15 persons (2 groups) were classified as controls. Each experimental group, two week and four session, went for individually spoken and written emotional expression, and behavioral cognitive was 4 weeks, and 2 sessions were referred to the therapist. During this period the group received no intervention. After the sessions, the test was performed on both groups and showed that the experimental group anxiety after receiving training in the treatment of cognitive-behavioral and emotional expression, showed significant changes. Thus, emotional expression can be a simple and effective method to address and deal with negative life events of interest to specialists.

Keywords: emotional expression (spoken and written) state of anxiety, cognitive-behavioral therapy.


Prediction of Perceived Stress Based on Social Support (and its components) in Students

Attieh Yazdi and Nooshin Taghinejad

Abstract The purpose of this study was to determine Prediction of perceived stress Based on Social Support (and its components) in Students. The study sample included 270 students of Islamic Azad University of Bandar Abbas, who were selected by random sampling method. In this study, data collection was used a questionnaire of social support and perceived stress. The main assumptions of the analysis results showed that are there is negatively associated between social support (total) and its components with perceived stress. Also the results of the analysis regression coefficients showed among the components of social protection, Components of opinion on social protection and public support predict the perceived stress.

Keywords: social support, perceived stress, students


Success Rate Prediction of Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery Based on Psychological Status

Mahshid Khavari, Abdolmajid Bahrainian, Kobra Hajializadeh

Abstract The objective of this study was to investigate the impact of psychological on the length of hospital stay after CABG surgery. In this study, 150 patients (30 females and 120 males) were selected from the convenience sampling method, among patients referred to Heart Center Hospital Shahid Mohammadi Bandar Abbas who were candidates for CABG surgery. Patients were asked to complete the questionnaire of 21 questions for anxiety- depression- stress (DASS-21). Stepwise regression analysis for psychological, The results showed that regression analysis revealed that anxiety and depression in 28% of the duration of hospitalization after surgery have predicted, Thus, the results showed that the use of pre-operative assessment of these variables in the clinical setting, we can identify those patients for whom surgery may not be successful.

Keywords: heart surgery, hospital stay, anxiety, depression


The Relationship between Emotional Intelligence and Attributional Styles with Life-satisfaction

Mahshid Khavari, Abdolmajid Bahrainian, Kobra Hajializadeh

Abstract Life satisfaction means satisfaction of the past, present and future, this study aimed to explore the role of emotional intelligence and Attributional  style in life satisfaction. In this study is correlation-prediction, the population includes all employed women in Sirjan in which 159 employed women were selected randomly. Gollman Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire (1995), Attributional  Styles Questionnaire and Diner Life Satisfaction Questionnaire were used to collect data. Multivariable regression analysis and Pierson correlation were used in the study. Resultsshowed that there is a significant relationship between emotional intelligence and life satisfaction in teachers, also there is significant relationship between Attributional  styles and life satisfaction and life satisfaction is explained with emotional intelligence and Attributional  style based on regression of variations in variance. Life satisfaction is an extensive concept that emotional intelligence and Attributional styles explain some of its variance and the rest of variance is explained by other variables.

Keywords: emotional intelligence, Attributional  styles, life satisfaction, employed


Compare the Intelligence Quotient, Creativity and Moods in 4 to 6 Year-old Children Born by Caesarean Section and Normal Vaginal Delivery

Naimeh Rahimi Moghaddam, Kourosh Mohammadi

Abstract This study aimed to compare the Intelligence quotient, creativity and moods in 4 to 6 year-old children born by caesarean section and vaginal delivery. The type of research is applied, and the method is descriptive retrospective (causal-comparative). The sample size is 50 children 4 to 6 years old city of Bandar Abbas (25 children born by cesarean section and of 25 children born normal), who were selected by purposive sampling method. Data were collected By Children Color Raven intelligence questionnaires (Anastasi, 2000), Torrance creative thinking Form B (1966) and the mood of Cloninger test (1997) (PTSTCI) and for analyze of data using multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA).  Results showed that there is no significant difference between Intelligence quotient in children born normal vaginal delivery and caesarean section (P> 0.05). But There is significant difference between mood of children born normal vaginal delivery and caesarean section (P<0.05) and there is significant difference between creativity of children born normal vaginal delivery and caesarean section (P<0.05). This means that children born by normal vaginal delivery have more creativity and positive mood than children born to C-sections. Since intelligence is a multifactorial cause and many factors involved in the increase or decrease its, so do not be counted the only reason for increase or decrease of labor. Of course, these findings cannot be used a tool to promote cesarean section, because the results showed that the method of delivery has an impact on children’s creativity and mood.

Keywords: Intelligence quotient, creativity, mood, cesarean section


Effectiveness of Logo Therapy and Behavior Therapy in Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

Farnoosh Etminan, Abdolmajid Bahrainian, Kobra Hajializadeh

Abstract Obsessive compulsive disorder is one of the important psychological disorders that can cause negative effects on people’s lives instead. That study examines the effectiveness of short-term therapy to reduce obsessive compulsive disorder has taken place. The study used a quasi-experimental design with four experimental and control. The sample included all patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder Bandar Abbas to have counseling centers. At first the 60 participants through questionnaires Obsessive-Compulsive Inventory (MOCI) and confirm the diagnosis by the doctor of clinical psychology, divided in 4 groups of 15 persons (two experimental groups and two control groups for each intervention) and as samples were selected. Then for two experimental groups intervention of Meaning therapy and behavioral therapy, but don’t  intervention for  control groups, measurement tools of Obsessive-Compulsive Inventory is  Maudsley, which was conducted in two pre-test and post-test. Data analyze using multivariate analysis of covariance (MANOVA) by spss software version 19. Results showed that F value is significant (p<0.05).  The average scores of obsessive-compulsive disorder (F = 496.371and P=0.001), there is significant difference between two experimental group in Logo therapy. The mean adjusted obsessive-compulsive disorder is show a significant difference (0.001). There are significant differences in the mean scores of obsessive-compulsive in groups (f=1.255, p=0.001). It can be concluded with 99% confidence that the decrease of obsessive-compulsive in pretest and posttest isn’t same amount. The ETA also shows that approximately 4.3% of decreased obsessive-compulsive is change by pretest and posttest scores, and the rate of change is a function of the difference between the tests. Findings of this research indicate that Logo therapy and behavior therapy can be effective in reducing obsessive-compulsive disorder. Therefore, consideration and implementation of the intervention in different departments can be useful for patients.

Keywords: Logo therapy, behavior therapy, obsessive compulsive disorder


The Effectiveness of Behavioral – Cognitive Play Therapy on Aggression Reduction

Nahid Ebadi Salari1, Abdolmajid Bahrainian*2, Kobra Hajializadeh3

Abstract The aim of present study is to investigate the effectiveness of behavioral – cognitive play therapy on aggression reduction among 8-11 years old children suffering from Conduct Disorder which were hospitalize in well-being centers of Bandar Abbas, Iran. The play therapy intervention was given to participants. The research type is pre-test post-test between experimental group designs. The statistical population is included all children, 8- 11 year-old boys in well-being centers of Bandar Abbas were in 2015-2016 (30 boys). 14 patients with conduct disorder were screened by questionnaire CSI. And to evaluate the results of intervention were selected simple random sampling method. That7 patients were assigned to the experimental group and 7 patients in the control group. Intervention for experimental group was 45 minutes. Duration session is two times per week and in 10 general sessions. For Data analyzed used statistical software of SPSS. The first stage results, the mean value of subject’s scores in the Conduct Disorder scale were 54.3 and the mean age of participants was 11.9. The comparing of control and experimental groups and between group differences were significant (P=0.001, t=128.4). Conclusion: the results of the study indicate thee the behavioral – cognitive play therapy leads to decreased level of aggression among children suffering from Conduct Disorder.

Keywords: behavioral – cognitive play therapy, Conduct Disorder, aggression.